Ch.8 Assignment - Define the following terms. 1. 2. 3. 4....

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Define the following terms. 1. reapportionment Redistribution of representatives among the states, based on population change. Congress is reapportioned after each census. 2. impeachment The formal charging of a government official with “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.” 3. incumbent A current officeholder. 4. gerrymandering Redrawing a congressional district to intentionally benefit one political party. 5. casework Solving problems for constituents, especially problems involving government agencies. 6. descriptive representation A belief that constituents are most effectively represented by legislators who are similar to them in such key demographic characteristics as race, ethnicity, religion, or gender. 7. racial gerrymandering The drawing of a legislative district to maximize the chances that a minority candidate will win election. 8. veto The president’s disapproval of a bill that has been passed by both houses of Congress. Congress can override a veto with a two-thirds vote in each house. 9. pocket veto A means of killing a bill that has been passed by both houses of Congress, in which the president does not sign the bill and Congress adjourns within ten days of the bill’s passage. 10. standing commit A committee made up of members of both the House and the Senate. 12. select committee A temporary congressional committee created for a specific purpose and disbanded after that purpose is fulfilled. 13. conference committee A temporary committee created to work out differences between the House and the Senate versions of a specific piece of legislation. 14. seniority Years of consecutive service on a particular congressional committee. 15. oversight The process of reviewing the operations of an agency to determine whether it is carrying out policies as Congress intended. 16. Speaker of the House The presiding officer of the House of Representatives. 17. majority leader The head of the majority party in the Senate; the second-highest ranking member of the majority party in the House. 18. filibuster A delaying tactic, used in the senate, that often involves speechmaking to prevent action on a piece of legislation. 19. cloture The mechanism by which a filibuster is cut off in the Senate. 20. constituents People who live and vote in a government official’s district or state.
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This note was uploaded on 07/24/2010 for the course PS 001 taught by Professor Graham during the Summer '08 term at Los Angeles Southwest College.

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Ch.8 Assignment - Define the following terms. 1. 2. 3. 4....

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