Student%20Lecutre%202%20Constitutional%20Process

Student%20Lecutre%202%20Constitutional%20Process - POLS1101

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POLS 1101 Lecture 2: The Constitutional Process There are four main reasons the settlers left Great Britain for the New World: Economic:  Political:  Religious:  Philosophical:  “The British came to America to make their fortunes, to practice their religions without  interference, to become landowners…in other words, to take advantage of a host of  opportunities that Feudal England could not provide.” Life in England during the 1600s was on the brink of major change. But early in the 1600s, settlers came to American in part because for them, England  seemed too resistant to change. They wanted to rid themselves of their Feudal lords and religious persecution.   Feudalism : A hierarchical political and economic system based on the ownership of land  by the few. Social and political rights based on the ownership of the land, but land ownership was  restricted to the very few.
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Individuals lived out their lives in the social and economic class to which they were born. It was unheard of to work one’s way up from peasant to landowner. Religious practice was also very limited. Great Britain broke away from the Catholic Church in 1533 under Henry VIII because of  divorce. Established the Church of England Less authority from Rome, less hierarchy, more control by the people  Became influenced by Lutherans and Calvinists Puritans : Protestant religious sect that sought to reform the Church of England in the  16 th  and 17 th  centuries. Anti-clerical People choose who belonged to the Church…the most upright Strict moral observance French and Indian War (1756-1763, 7 years war) : fought between the French/Indian  forces and the English.  Forced the French out of North America and the Spanish vacated Florida and retreated  west of the Mississippi. War was fought to defend the British colonies 2
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Turned into a major and expensive conflict To pay for war, Britain enacted many taxes on the colonialists Sugar Act 1764 Stamp Act of 1765 Townshend Acts 1767 Tea Act 1773 Boston Tea Party Coercive acts 1774 Boston Port Act :   closed the port of Boston until the East India Company had  been repaid for the destroyed tea and until the king was satisfied that order had been 
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This note was uploaded on 07/24/2010 for the course POLS POLS 1101 taught by Professor Albert during the Summer '10 term at Augusta University.

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Student%20Lecutre%202%20Constitutional%20Process - POLS1101

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