student%20lecture%20Congress

student%20lecture%20Congress - Congress , government

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Congress Article I of the Constitution  grants most powers to the Congress.   Perhaps the most important is the  necessary and proper clause It is also called the elastic clause , which is the source of implied powers  for the national  government.   The clause states that Congress can make all laws which are necessary and proper for  executing all other powers given by the Constitution. Constitution created a  bicameral legislature ; a legislature divided into two houses.   Senate:  Upper house: two senators.  30 years old; nine years resident.   At first, state legislators elected senators for six year terms.   1/3 would run for re-election every two years.   Expected to represent states interest.   The  17 th   HOR:  Lower house: representatives based on population of state.   25 years old; resided in US for at least seven years; legal residents of states from which  they are elected.  2 year terms.   Elected by voters in congressional district.  Members represent people’s interest. 
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Each also has specific rights granted to them Senate: try impeachments; ratify treaties, confirm all appointments HOR: bring impeachments, originate tax bills How congressional members act: Trustee : listen to constituents opinions and then use their best judgment to make final  decisions Delegate : vote they way their constituents would want them to, regardless of their own  opinions Politico : act as both depending on the situation How Congress is organized: HOR:   Speaker   of   the   House :   the   only   officer   of   the   House   of   Representatives  specifically mentioned in the Constitution; elected at the beginning of each new Congress  by the entire House; traditionally a member of the  majority party (minority party) Presides over the HOR, oversees House business, official spokesperson; house  liaison with the president; has greatest political influence in Congress 2
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House Majority leader:    Given specific powers and wide-ranging responsibilities to  assist the Speaker.  Second in command.    Minority leader Whip
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