Lecture 5 text-only version

Lecture 5 text-only version - History 20 Lecture 5 World...

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History 20 Lecture 5 World War I and Liberal Solutions Statistics to consider WWI lasted from 1914-1918 8-1/2 to 10 million soldiers were killed during that four-year period 27 million more were wounded or taken prisoner 37 million other people remained unaccounted for at the end of the war 58% of all those who fought were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner 73% of all French soldiers were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner 65% of German soldiers; 76% of Russian soldiers; 90% of Austria-Hungary’s soldiers were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner during the War I. Why did World War I happen? Imperialism and increasing competition for global territory was one of the primary reasons for war to begin; powers were pushing up against each other’s global boundaries Nationalism also a factor A close compatriot of imperialism As countries expanded their boundaries, people everywhere developed strong feelings of belonging to a nation Governments encouraged new sentiments of patriotism in order to develop citizens’ loyalty Arms race/military mobilization– new weapons and massive military spending gave countries the ability to think about waging war in entirely new ways; trains and shipping made it possible to move troops more quickly The New Weapons From 1890-1914, spending on military hardware in Europe more than doubled A list of the new weaponry: o Tanks o Airplanes o Submarines o Chemical weapons o Steel battleships o Machine guns o Hand grenades
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o Anti-aircraft artillery
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This note was uploaded on 07/26/2010 for the course HIS hist 20 taught by Professor Ying during the Spring '09 term at Riverside Community College.

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Lecture 5 text-only version - History 20 Lecture 5 World...

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