Lecture 14 text-only version

Lecture 14 text-only version - History 20 Lecture 14...

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History 20 Lecture 14 Contours of the Cold War: Communism and Containment in the Third World Photos: The U.N. Security Council debates the North Korean invasion of the South, June 25, 1950 Truman awards MacArthur the Distinguished Service Medal, Oct. 1950 I. Entanglements Recall our discussion of the Cold War as a stand-off between the U.S. and the Soviet Union on the division of the post-WWII world. Both sides wanted to see their “way of life” spread globally; this would position each of them to be stronger both at home and abroad. But, inevitably, the undoing of colonization and semicolonization around the world complicated this picture. As new political movements developed, both the United States and the Soviet Union tried to influence the political direction of these movements. Today we will see how the U.S. extended its international policy of “containment,” originally developed at the end of World War II to thwart political goals of the Soviet Union in Europe, to deal with the rising threat of communist movements throughout the Third World. The Soviet Union, and sometimes also China, responded with their own displays of limited force. Keep in mind that both the Soviet Union and the U.S. had nuclear weapons after 1949, contributing substantially to the level of tension between the two sides. II. Korea – dividing the spoils of war When Japan withdrew from Korea, its former colony in 1945, a vacuum in politics arose. The U.S. and the Soviet Union both stepped in quickly and divided the Korean peninsula with occupation troops at the 38 th parallel. During the colonial occupation of Korea by Japan, nationalism had become a potent force among Koreans.
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In both north and south, there were active “people’s committees” working against the Japanese, but also having strong socialist inclinations. The U.S. mistrusted the local people’s committees because of their socialist bent, especially those in the north that carried out land reform programs. The U.S. handpicked a leader for the south, Syngman Rhee. The emerging leader in the north, Kim Il Sung, was a socialist with army
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This note was uploaded on 07/26/2010 for the course HIS hist 20 taught by Professor Ying during the Spring '09 term at Riverside Community College.

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Lecture 14 text-only version - History 20 Lecture 14...

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