political science exam 1

political science exam 1 - 1. What is the principle of...

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1. What is the principle of subjectivity? principle of sujectivity- the idea of the individual subject emerges- there is an awareness of one’s self as a self, distinct from others- grows into political consciousness with the emergence of subjectivity- get the birth of art, philosophy and politics 2. What is political consciousness? emerges from the pronciple of subjectivity- it is the rational, self-conscious and political attempt and search to create political order (rational and moral order) 3. What is the political significance of consciousness of self? the individual attempts to create political order – attempt to movt to something rational and organized socrates- the “inner voice”- the conscience subjectivity has a powerful impact on who we are and how we think concern for individual rights 4. What are the characteristics of tribal or pre-modern societies? collection of individuals kinship/blood, have sacred rules village is based upon custom and tradition 5. What is the political significance of consciousness of others? there is a concern for obligation of citizenship and duty 6. What are the characteristics of individuated or modern societies? self associations- belong to groups, city is the primary place, there are secular rules based upon reason and law the tribal and individuated forms of political beings exist as two separate entities but they intermix 7. What does Max Weber mean by traditional authority? Rational/legal authority? Charismatic authority? weber looks at concept of authority to try to determine what gives power legitimacy- creates classic tycologies: traditional authority- tribal- leaders are those who govern in context of traditions- they emerge from tradition- either wisest or divine appointment- depends on tradition- rules and obligations of citizens are based on tradition rational-legal authority- individuated- law enacted by appropriate authorities based on rationality- leaders elevate to authority due to the rational rules of the system- ex. presidency- rules are designed to be impersonable and objective- a buracracy- less dependent on personal contact and tradition- authority is based on the office held charismatic authority- there is room for this authority in both of the others- emotional bond between the leader and follower for various reasons- leader may have great qualities, warrior or prescence- ex. kennedy, hitler, MLK- cant provide for succession bc cant transfer charisma 8. What does it mean to routinize charisma? to try to give charisma some semblance of everyday routine- try to institutionalize it in some way- in political and economical aspects 9. What is materialism? 10. What are the two species of political being and what are some modern examples of each?
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tribal and individuated; tribal- a nation, individuated- the state; together they intermix to form the nation-state- powerful entity in the world 11. What are the major concerns of Greek tragedy? to raise questions raise questions about disharmony in a greece that believes it is
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political science exam 1 - 1. What is the principle of...

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