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falsification post - Falsification The problem of induction...

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Falsification The problem of induction and a possible solution
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Why not Inductivism? Inductivism: 1- make observations to gather facts in the form of singular statements 2- gather singular statements together to infer universal laws This A is P This A is P This A is P This A is P This A is P This A is P This A is P This A is P All As are P
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Why not Inductivism? But, this is an inductive chain of reasoning the premises do not provide absolute support for the conclusion If we are looking to prove a theory by looking for examples that confirm it, we can really never get enough. eg. “Birds can fly”
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Why not Inductivism? The Problem of Induction: How are inductive inferences justified? How can we know universal statements based on experience? Basic point: even good inductions made lead us from truth to falsehood.
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Why not Inductivism? Inductivism tries to give us the laws and theories that make up science just through a process of induction. We get them by moving from singular statements (which we get by observation) to universal statements. But without an account of how such induction is justified, how do we know what we are doing is right? How can we be sure of the “knowledge” we infer?
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Why not Inductivism? Perhaps we have the solution already: Principle of induction: If a large number of As has been observed under a wide variety of conditions, and if all those observed As without exception possessed the property B, then all As have the property B.
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Popper How do we know/justify the principle of induction itself? From experience? That won’t work.
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falsification post - Falsification The problem of induction...

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