Fallacies from Sagan

Fallacies from Sagan - Sagan - the baloney detection kit Ad...

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Sagan - the baloney detection kit Ad Hominem – attacking the person making an argument, rather than the argument itself Argument from authority (appeal to inappropriate authority) – accepting a view or argument just on the basis that it originates from someone taken to be an authority, when that in fact does not give real reason in support of the claim.  
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Sagan - the baloney detection kit Appeal to ignorance – assuming that lack of existing evidence for something is evidence that that thing does not exist. i.e We don’t have proof that there is no life on other planets, so we can’t be alone in the universe.
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Sagan - the baloney detection kit Special pleading – trying to rescue a position by claiming that a standard that is generally accepted just shouldn’t apply in this case (without a justification for that move based on a real relevant difference). i.e. How can a merciful God condemn future generations to torment because of the actions of one man and one woman? Reply- you just don’t understand the Doctrine of Free Will.
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This note was uploaded on 07/28/2010 for the course PHIL Phil 12 taught by Professor Amndabrovold during the Spring '10 term at San Diego.

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Fallacies from Sagan - Sagan - the baloney detection kit Ad...

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