Exam 1 Review

Exam 1 Review - Dr. Don S. Christensen Psych 100 Shoreline...

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Dr. Don S. Christensen Shoreline Community College Psych 100 Psychology Exam 1 Potential Short Answer Questions 1. What person is generally recognized as “launching the first psychological laboratory?” Wilhelm Wundt 2. With what perspective was John B. Watson associated? What criticism did people associated with this perspective make of the method of introspection? 1) Behaviorists. You can’t observe a sensation, feeling, or a thought, but you can observe and record people’s behavior as they respond to different situations. 2) Too mechanistic. 3. What is a definition of psychology? The scientific study of behavior and mental and processes. 4. What is the “biggest and most persistent issue” that has consistently reappeared in the history of psychology? Nature-nuture issue-controversy over the relative contributions of biology and experience. 5. What three types of influences make up the biopsychosocial approach of psychology? Biological, psychological, and social-cultural. 6. List and briefly describe the 8 major perspectives in psychology. Neuroscience- body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences. Evolutionary- natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one’s genes Behavior genetics- genes and environment influence our individual differences Psychodynamic- behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts Behavioral- how we learn observable responses Cognitive- encode, process, store, and retrieve information Social-cultural- behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures Humanistic- 7. What are the four basic goals of psychology (covered in lecture)? To observe, understand, predict, and control/influence. 8. What is the difference between basic and applied research? Basic- psychology’s knowledge base, applied- practical problems. 9. What is hindsight understanding and why do we need to be concerned about it? 1) By looking at the past and foresee the future. 2) Need to be concern- we make every outcome seem obvious, leads to overconfidence, and just because it “makes sense” doesn’t mean it’s correct. 10. How does your text book author define “critical thinking?” (note: there are 4 parts to this definition) Examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions. 11. What are four common scientific attitudes? Curiosity, skepticism, humility, openmindedness.
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This note was uploaded on 07/27/2010 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Donchristenson during the Spring '10 term at Shoreline.

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Exam 1 Review - Dr. Don S. Christensen Psych 100 Shoreline...

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