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Exam 3 Review - Dr Don S Christensen Psych 100 Shoreline...

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Dr. Don S. Christensen Shoreline Community College Psych 100 Psychology Exam 3 Potential Short Answer Questions Memory (Chapter 8 & Lecture) 1. What are the three fundamental memory processes? A: Encoding, Storage, and retrieval. 2. List the stages of the Atkinson-Shiffrin three stage model of memory. A: 1.Sensory 2. Short-term 3. Long-term 3. What is the difference between automatic and effortful processing? Be able to give an example of each. A: Auto: unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as apace, time, and frequency. Effortful: encoding that requires attention and conscious effort. Like the concept of human rights. 4. What is the serial position effect? Under what conditions do the primacy and recency effects occur? A: tendency to recall best the last and the first items in a list. Primacy happens when we recall best for the first item. Recency happens when we remember the last item. 5. What are two types of sensory memory? A: Iconic and echoic 6. Describe the limitations (e.g., capacity and duration) of working-term memory and how they can be overcome (2 different ways of extending short-term memory were mentioned in lecture). A: Memory can only be store in a limited time (duration) and limited amount (capacity). Rehearsal and chunking 7. When referring to the second stage of memory, why is “working” memory now considered being a more appropriate term than “short-term” memory? A: Because it involves conscious, active processing memory and information retrieved from long-term memory. 8. Define long-term potentiation (LTP). What does LTP appear to provide the neural basis for? A: An increase in a synapse’s firing potential after brief rapid stimulation. Neural basis for learning and memory. 9. What are flashbulb memories and what does research (discussed in lecture) suggest about their accuracy? A: A clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event. It’s accuracy are often inaccurate. Revised: 7/28/2010
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Dr. Don S. Christensen Shoreline Community College Psych 100 Psychology 10. Explain the differences between the following measures of memory: recall, recognition, and relearning. A: Recall: the ability to retrieve information learned earlier. (Fill-in the blank) Recognition: the ability to identify items learned earlier. (multiple choice) Relearning: measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time. 11. List and briefly describe Schacter’s “three sins of forgetting.” 12. List and briefly describe Schacter’s “three sins of distortion.” Misattribution Suggestibility 13. List and briefly describe Schacter’s “one sin of intrusion.” Absent-mindless—not paying attention to details leads to encoding failure Transience—as time pass by, information starts to decay
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  • Spring '10
  • DonChristenson
  • Intelligence quotient, Shoreline Community College, Dr. Don S. Christensen, S. Christensen Psych, Shoreline Community College Psychology

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