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Exam 4 Review KC - 1 Exam 4 Potential Short Answer...

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1 Exam 4 Potential Short Answer Questions Emotion: Chapter 11 & Lecture 1. Define the term emotion. Positive and negative feeling states consisting x of patterns x of: physiological arousal x , expressive behaviors x x , conscious experience x 2. How do level of arousal and task complexity combine to affect task performance (see figure 11.3, page 374)? Performance peaks at lower levels of arousal for difficult tasks, and at higher levels for easy or well-learned tasks. 3. Describe the James-Lange theory of emotion. Eliciting stimulus x – Autonomic arousal behavioral responses – conscious x emotion (fear).The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli x . 4. What is the facial feedback hypothesis (presented in lecture) and which theory of emotion does it support? Muscles in your face make influence on our emotion [because I was smile, I was happy]. It supports the James-Lange theory. 5. Describe the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion. What is one criticism they had of the James-Lange theory? Cannon-Bard theory of emotion :the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers x (1) physiological responses and (2) the subjective experience of emotion (1) physiological responses 6. Describe Schachter’s two-factor theory of emotion and Lazarus’s cognitive appraisal theory of emotion (the second theory was presented in lecture). Schachter’s theory (1) be physically aroused and (2) cognitively label the arousal. Lazarus’s cognitive: eliciting stimuli will cause appraisal, and then it will cause arousal. Our arousal will affect appraisal 7. What are three brain structures involved in emotion (presented in lecture)? Prefrontal cortex, Hypothalamus, Amygdala 8. Describe the research results of Joseph LeDoux. How do these results potentially explain non-conscious emotional experiences? Amygdala receives sensory input unconsciously (turn light- shock).Some simple emotional responses occur instantly x , not only outside our conscious awareness but before any cognitive processing occurs. Revised: 7/28/2010
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2 9. What exactly is a lie detector test and what are the major assumptions behind its use (in other words, how can experts tell when people are lying)? Lie detector tests respiration x x x , galvanic skin response s , and heart rate.If those tests are showing sudden and rapid change, they can tell the person is lying. 10. What considerations and research evidence challenge the validity of the lie detector? What kinds of errors by experts are most likely? 23out of 25 prisoners x who actually have committed crimes tricked x the lie detector and became being not guilty x .It can’t distinguish among anxiety x x , irritation x , and guilt. An innocent person might also respond with heightened tension s T to the accusations x
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