Exam 5 Review

Exam 5 Review - Dr Don S Christensen Psych 100 Shoreline...

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Shoreline Community College Psych 100 Psychology Exam 5 Potential Short Answer Questions 1. In psychoanalytic theory, what are the three different levels of awareness? Briefly describe the nature or characteristics of each of these levels. Conscious: What you’re currently thinking, being aware about it right now. Preconscious: Not thinking about those things, but you could recall it with a little effort. Ex: What’s your mom’s last name? Unconscious: Stuff you’re not thinking, hard to be aware of it. 2. What are Freud’s three personality structures? What is identification and to which personality structure does it apply? Id: Pleasure principle , main structure that shaped our behavior (seek things that feels good; avoid things that feels bad). Ex: Girl in Charlie and Chocolate Factory , “I want that, now!” Ego: Reality principle , to compromise, balance demands. Ex: I want a pizza but I’m in class right now. Superego: Morality principle , where sense of conscience come from, influence what’s right what’s wrong. Identification: The process according to Freud, children incorporate their parent’s values into their developing superegos. 3. What is the primary or most fundamental ego defense mechanism? (Note: I won’t ask you to be able to recall each of the defense mechanisms but I will ask a few multiple-choice questions about them on the exam.) Repression: The basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from unconsciousness. Regression: Defense mechanism in which an individual faces with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated. Reaction formation: Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites. Thus, people may express feelings that are the opposite of their anxiety-arousing unconscious feelings. Projection: Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing unconscious feelings. Rationalization: Defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in place of real. More threatening, unconscious reasons for one’s actions. Displacement: Psychoanalytic defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person, as when redirecting anger toward a safer outlet. 4. What is the (main) assumption underlying the use of projective tests? In other words, what do all projective tests share in common regarding how they assess personality? (Note that this question is not asking you to comment on the reliability of validity of projective tests) Describe two common projective tests. The significant influences on our personalities arise from the unconscious, which
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Exam 5 Review - Dr Don S Christensen Psych 100 Shoreline...

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