BIO 181 Mendelian Genetics Study Guide

BIO 181 Mendelian Genetics Study Guide - B IO 181 Mendelian...

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BIO 181 Mendelian Genetics Study Guide Terms To Know Hybridization True breeding strain or variety Alleles Gene Gene locus Law of segregation Punnett Square Law of independent assortment Probability Pleiotropy
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Epistasis Norm of reaction Multifactorial character Carrier Compare and Contrast P 1 /F 1, P 2 /F 2 Character/trait Monohybrid cross/dihybrid cross Self pollination/cross pollination Dominant allele/recessive allele
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Homozygous/heterozygous Phenotype/genotype Rule of multiplication/Rule of addition Incomplete dominance/codominance Multiple alleles/polygenic inheritance Questions to Answer 1. Explain how the particulate hypothesis of inheritance is better supported than the blending hypothesis.
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2. Describe and explain at least 3 reasons why Mendel’s work was successful in determining the fundamental laws of inheritance where his predecessors had failed. 3. Mendel developed 4 ideas that attempted to explain the data he recorded in his pea plant studies.
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