The Marshall Plan Truman DoctrineN. A. T. O.Konrad Adenauer, Common Market, O. P. E. C. Nikita Krushchev the 1964 Civil Rights ActChapter 311.What was the Cold War? What were the major turning points in its development through the late 20th Century? Give examples.The Cold War was an enmity between the Soviet Union and its Allies against the United States in which began right after World War II. The United States led the Western, and the Soviet Union led Eastern Europe. These nations were known as superpowers. Although the twocountries never officially declared war on each other, they were fighting indirectly in proxy wars, arms race, and the space race. The United States and the Soviet Union developed intercontinental ballistic missiles, and in 1962 the Soviet Union began to secretly install missiles in Cuba that could be used to launch a nuclear attack in the U.S. cities. Furthermore, this initiated the Cuban Missile crisis in1962, that led to a confrontation between the superpowers to the edge of war before an agreement was made to extract the missiles. The tension between both sides decreased after they realized the riskof starting a nuclear war, thus, signing the Nuclear Test ban Treaty in 1963.Many major events occurred throughout the Cold War’s development,one if which is the Civil Rights Act of 196, that prohibited discrimination in public services and on the job. Civil rights leader Martin Luther King fought for equality without hate. Protests went on around the world, followed by violence. Postwar experienced a social revolution, after the long struggles and battles African Americans endured thru discrimination meant they could vote and have equal
rights. Influenced by the war several changes took place, India and Pakistan gained indepedence in 1947, followed by Israel state established in 1948. Decolonization, revolt and political and economiccompetitions took place throughout different countries.