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Principles of Economics- Mankiw (5th) 79

Principles of Economics- Mankiw (5th) 79 - of ice cream...

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CHAPTER 4 THE MARKET FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND 83 shift affects the equilibrium price and quantity. Table 4-7 summarizes these three steps. To see how this recipe is used, let’s consider various events that might affect the market for ice cream. Example: A Change in Demand Suppose that one summer the weather is very hot. How does this event affect the market for ice cream? To answer this question, let’s follow our three steps. 1. The hot weather affects the demand curve by changing people’s taste for ice cream. That is, the weather changes the amount of ice cream that people want to buy at any given price. The supply curve is unchanged because the weather does not directly affect the firms that sell ice cream. 2. Because hot weather makes people want to eat more ice cream, the demand curve shifts to the right. Figure 4-10 shows this increase in demand as the shift in the demand curve from D 1 to D 2 . This shift indicates that the quantity
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Unformatted text preview: of ice cream demanded is higher at every price. 3. As Figure 4-10 shows, the increase in demand raises the equilibrium price from $2.00 to $2.50 and the equilibrium quantity from 7 to 10 cones. In other words, the hot weather increases the price of ice cream and the quantity of ice cream sold. Shifts in Curves versus Movements along Curves Notice that when hot weather drives up the price of ice cream, the quantity of ice cream that firms sup-ply rises, even though the supply curve remains the same. In this case, economists say there has been an increase in “quantity supplied” but no change in “supply.” Table 4-7 A T HREE-S TEP P ROGRAM FOR A NALYZING C HANGES IN E QUILIBRIUM 1. Decide whether the event shifts the supply curve or demand curve (or perhaps both). 2. Decide which direction the curve shifts. 3. Use the supply-and-demand diagram to see how the shift changes the equilibrium....
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