Principles of Economics- Mankiw (5th) 112

Principles of Economics- Mankiw (5th) 112 - were much worse...

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116 PART TWO SUPPLY AND DEMAND I: HOW MARKETS WORK technological advance doubles the supply of both products (that is, the quantity supplied at each price is twice what it was). a. What happens to the equilibrium price and quantity in each market? b. Which product experiences a larger change in price? c. Which product experiences a larger change in quantity? d. What happens to total consumer spending on each product? 11. Beachfront resorts have an inelastic supply, and automobiles have an elastic supply. Suppose that a rise in population doubles the demand for both products (that is, the quantity demanded at each price is twice what it was). a. What happens to the equilibrium price and quantity in each market? b. Which product experiences a larger change in price? c. Which product experiences a larger change in quantity? d. What happens to total consumer spending on each product? 12. Several years ago, flooding along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers destroyed thousands of acres of wheat. a. Farmers whose crops were destroyed by the floods
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Unformatted text preview: were much worse off, but farmers whose crops were not destroyed benefited from the floods. Why? b. What information would you need about the market for wheat in order to assess whether farmers as a group were hurt or helped by the floods? 13. Explain why the following might be true: A drought around the world raises the total revenue that farmers receive from the sale of grain, but a drought only in Kansas reduces the total revenue that Kansas farmers receive. 14. Because better weather makes farmland more productive, farmland in regions with good weather conditions is more expensive than farmland in regions with bad weather conditions. Over time, however, as advances in technology have made all farmland more productive, the price of farmland (adjusted for overall inflation) has fallen. Use the concept of elasticity to explain why productivity and farmland prices are positively related across space but negatively related over time....
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