176 PART THREE SUPPLY AND DEMAND II: MARKETS AND WELFARE 1. What happens to consumer and producer surplus when the sale of a good is taxed? How does the change in consumer and producer surplus compare to the tax revenue? Explain. 2. Draw a supply-and-demand diagram with a tax on the sale of the good. Show the deadweight loss. Show the tax revenue. 3. How do the elasticities of supply and demand affect the deadweight loss of a tax? Why do they have this effect? 4. Why do experts disagree about whether labor taxes have small or large deadweight losses? 5. What happens to the deadweight loss and tax revenue when a tax is increased? Questions for Review deadweight loss, p. 165 Key Concepts 1. The market for pizza is characterized by a downward-sloping demand curve and an upward-sloping supply curve. a. Draw the competitive market equilibrium. Label the price, quantity, consumer surplus, and producer surplus. Is there any deadweight loss? Explain.
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