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Principles of Economics- Mankiw (5th) 404

Principles of Economics- Mankiw (5th) 404 - workers...

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416 PART SIX THE ECONOMICS OF LABOR MARKETS 9. (This question is challenging.) In recent years some policymakers have proposed requiring firms to give workers certain fringe benefits. For example, in 1993 President Clinton proposed requiring firms to provide health insurance to their workers. Let’s consider the effects of such a policy on the labor market. a. Suppose that a law required firms to give each worker $3 of fringe benefits for every hour that the worker is employed by the firm. How does this law affect the marginal profit that a firm earns from each worker? How does the law affect the demand curve for labor? Draw your answer on a graph with the cash wage on the vertical axis. b. If there is no change in labor supply, how would this law affect employment and wages? c. Why might the labor supply curve shift in response to this law? Would this shift in labor supply raise or lower the impact of the law on wages and employment? d. As Chapter 6 discussed, the wages of some
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Unformatted text preview: workers, particularly the unskilled and inexperienced, are kept above the equilibrium level by minimum-wage laws. What effect would a fringe-benefit mandate have for these workers? 10. (This question is challenging.) This chapter has assumed that labor is supplied by individual workers acting competitively. In some markets, however, the supply of labor is determined by a union of workers. a. Explain why the situation faced by a labor union may resemble the situation faced by a monopoly firm. b. The goal of a monopoly firm is to maximize profits. Is there an analogous goal for labor unions? c. Now extend the analogy between monopoly firms and unions. How do you suppose that the wage set by a union compares to the wage in a competitive market? How do you suppose employment differs in the two cases? d. What other goals might unions have that make unions different from monopoly firms?...
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