Principles of Economics- Mankiw (5th) 567

Principles of Economics- Mankiw (5th) 567 - ously left the...

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CHAPTER 26 UNEMPLOYMENT AND ITS NATURAL RATE 585 First, young men now stay in school longer than their fathers and grandfathers did. Second, older men now retire earlier and live longer. Third, with more women employed, more fathers now stay at home to raise their children. Full- time students, retirees, and stay-at-home fathers are all counted as out of the labor force. DOES THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE MEASURE WHAT WE WANT IT TO? Measuring the amount of unemployment in the economy might seem straightfor- ward. In fact, it is not. Whereas it is easy to distinguish between a person with a full-time job and a person who is not working at all, it is much harder to distin- guish between a person who is unemployed and a person who is not in the labor force. Movements into and out of the labor force are, in fact, very common. More than one-third of the unemployed are recent entrants into the labor force. These entrants include young workers looking for their first jobs, such as recent college graduates. They also include, in greater numbers, older workers who had previ-
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Unformatted text preview: ously left the labor force but have now returned to look for work. Moreover, not all unemployment ends with the job seeker finding a job. Almost half of all spells of unemployment end when the unemployed person leaves the labor force. Because people move into and out of the labor force so often, statistics on un-employment are difficult to interpret. On the one hand, some of those who report being unemployed may not, in fact, be trying hard to find a job. They may be calling themselves unemployed because they want to qualify for a government 100 80 60 40 20 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 '98 Labor-Force Participation Rate (in percent) Women Men Figure 26-3 L ABOR-F ORCE P ARTICIPATION R ATES FOR M EN AND W OMEN SINCE 1950. This figure shows the percentage of adult men and women who are members of the labor force. It shows that over the past several decades, women have entered the labor force, and men have left it. S OURCE: U.S. Department of Labor....
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This note was uploaded on 07/30/2010 for the course ECON 120 taught by Professor Abijian during the Spring '10 term at Mesa CC.

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