O'Donnell - Chapter 20 Slides

O'Donnell - Chapter 20 Slides - Two Uses of Definitions...

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Chapter 20 Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and Instructions 2007 Bedford/St. Martins 1 Two Uses of Definitions Definitions clarify a description of a new development or a new technology in a technical field. Bluetooth, Blu-ray and nanotechnology. Definitions help specialists communicate with less knowledgeable readers. A manual that explains how to operate a refrigerator includes definition of the condenser.
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Chapter 20 Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and Instructions 2007 Bedford/St. Martins 2 Strategies for Defining Terms for Readers from Another Culture Add a glossary: a list of definitions. Use Simplified English and easily recognizable terms in definitions. http://www.plainlanguage.gov/ Pay close attention to key terms. Use visuals to help readers understand a term or concept, global warming Our instruction assignment begins with a description of the audience
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Chapter 20 Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and Instructions 2007 Bedford/St. Martins 3 Three Types of Definitions Parenthetical—simplest form A brief clarification placed unobtrusively in a sentence; informal a word or phrase that introduces a term to ensure the definition is clear before adding detail Sentence—uses a specific form Extended—most complex form, includes various organization techniques and supporting visuals
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Chapter 20 Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and Instructions 2007 Bedford/St. Martins 4 Three Types of Definitions Parenthetical—simplest form Sentence—a specific format Item = Category + Distinguishing Characteristics A spoon (item) is an eating utensil (Category) consisting of a small bowl attached to a handle. (Distinguishing characteristics). Extended—most complex form, includes various organization techniques and supporting visuals
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Chapter 20 Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and Instructions 2007 Bedford/St. Martins 5 Three Types of Definitions Parenthetical—simplest form Sentence—a specific format Extended—most complex form with supporting visuals A detailed clarification, one or more paragraphs, define an object, process, or idea Uses organizational patterns as compare and contrast with graphics
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Chapter 20 Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and Instructions 2007 Bedford/St. Martins 6 Pattern for Sentence Definitions Item = Category + Distinguishing Characteristics Let’s try some
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Chapter 20 Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and Instructions 2007 Bedford/St. Martins 7 Writing Effective Sentence Definitions Be specific: State the category and the distinguishing characteristics. Avoid writing circular definitions Be sure the category contains a noun or a noun phrase, avoid when , what , or where .
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Chapter 20 Writing Definitions, Descriptions, and Instructions 2007 Bedford/St. Martins 8 Techniques Used in Extended Definitions graphics examples partition principle of operation comparison and contrast analogy negation etymology history of the term
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This note was uploaded on 07/30/2010 for the course COM 2610 taught by Professor O'donnell during the Summer '10 term at Metropolitan State College of Denver.

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O'Donnell - Chapter 20 Slides - Two Uses of Definitions...

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