Chapter01 - Chapter 1 Introduction to Electronics Microelectronic Circuit Design Richard C Jaeger Travis N Blalock Jaeger\/Blalock Microelectronic

Chapter01 - Chapter 1 Introduction to Electronics...

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Jaeger/Blalock 4/15/07 Microelectronic Circuit Design, 3E McGraw-Hill Chap 1 - 1 Chapter 1 Introduction to Electronics Microelectronic Circuit Design Richard C. Jaeger Travis N. Blalock
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Jaeger/Blalock 4/15/07 Microelectronic Circuit Design, 3E McGraw-Hill Chap 1 - 2 Chapter Goals Explore the history of electronics. Quantify the impact of integrated circuit technologies. Describe classification of electronic signals. Review circuit notation and theory. Introduce tolerance impacts and analysis. Describe problem solving approach
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Jaeger/Blalock 4/15/07 Microelectronic Circuit Design, 3E McGraw-Hill Chap 1 - 3 The Start of the Modern Electronics Era Bardeen, Shockley, and Brattain at Bell Labs - Brattain and Bardeen invented the bipolar transistor in 1947. The first germanium bipolar transistor. Roughly 50 years later, electronics account for 10% (4 trillion dollars) of the world GDP.
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Jaeger/Blalock 4/15/07 Microelectronic Circuit Design, 3E McGraw-Hill Chap 1 - 4 Electronics Milestones 1874 Braun invents the solid-state rectifier. 1907 DeForest invents triode vacuum tube. 1907-1927 First radio circuits developed from diodes and triodes. 1925 Lilienfeld field-effect device patent filed. 1947 Bardeen and Brattain at Bell Laboratories invent bipolar transistors. 1953 Commercial bipolar transistor production at Texas Instruments. 1958 Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley receive Nobel prize. 1958 Integrated circuits developed by Kilby and Noyce 1962 First commercial IC from Fairchild Semiconductor 1965 IEEE formed from merger of IRE and AIEE 1971 First commercial IC opamp 1974 One transistor DRAM cell invented by Dennard at IBM. 1976 4004 Intel microprocessor introduced. 1984 First commercial 1-kilobit memory. 1974 8080 microprocessor introduced. 1984 Megabit memory chip introduced. 2000 Alferov, Kilby, and Kromer share Nobel prize
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Jaeger/Blalock 4/15/07 Microelectronic Circuit Design, 3E McGraw-Hill Chap 1 - 5 Evolution of Electronic Devices Vacuum Tubes Discrete Transistors SSI and MSI Integrated Circuits VLSI Surface-Mount Circuits
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Jaeger/Blalock 4/15/07 Microelectronic Circuit Design, 3E McGraw-Hill Chap 1 - 6 Microelectronics Proliferation The integrated circuit was invented in 1958. World transistor production has more than doubled every year for the past twenty years. Every year, more transistors are produced than in all previous years combined. Approximately 10 18 transistors were produced in a recent year. Roughly 50 transistors for every ant in the world. *Source: Gordon Moore’s Plenary address at the 2003 International Solid State Circuits Conference.
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Jaeger/Blalock 4/15/07 Microelectronic Circuit Design, 3E McGraw-Hill Chap 1 - 7 Device Feature Size Feature size reductions enabled by process innovations. Smaller features lead to more transistors per unit area and therefore higher density.
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Jaeger/Blalock 4/15/07 Microelectronic Circuit Design, 3E McGraw-Hill Chap 1 - 8 Rapid Increase in Density of Microelectronics Memory chip density versus time.
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