Definitions - The 4 noble truths- Pain is universal, desire...

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Buddhism Karma- (“action" or "doing"). The consequence or effect of an intentional action that determines ones fate in their next life. Incarnation. Ashoka- Became the Indian emperor of the Maurya Empire in 274 B.C.E., after his father, emperor Bisundara became gravely ill. He was known by his people as a power hungry emperor who had a cruel heart. After causing the Battle of Kaligna, he became horrified with the great amount of lost lives and had a sudden change of heart. He promised to never pursue wars and began to practice virtuous actions. After the Battle of Kaligna, Ashoka became a strong believer in non-violence and abolished all animal sacrifice and huntings. Ashoka embraced Buddhism and religiously followed the rules of Buddhism. Stupa- A dome-shaped monument used to house Buddhist relics or to commemorate significant facts of Buddhism. Also called tope. Meditation- Continued or extended thought; reflection; contemplation.
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Unformatted text preview: The 4 noble truths- Pain is universal, desire causes pain, ceasing to desire relieves pain, and right conduct provides escape from pain. Siddhartha Gautama- He was known as the Enlightened One, and born either in 560-480 or 440-360 B.C.E. He was born into a privileged life, and at 19 he married his cousin and fathered a son. At age 29, he renounced his wealth and lived a beggars life for the quest of Enlightenment. After 6 years, he rejected the life of self-denial. Looking within, he began meditating to bring him inner illumination. Like Jesus, he was an eloquent teacher whose concerns were deeply ethical. He also did not record his teachings. And as with Jesus, his life became surrounded by miraculous tales, which along with his sermons, were preserved and transcribed. Bo Tree- Sacred fig tree in which Siddhartha achieved enlightenment. Enlightenment- A goal in the mind after being focused on meditation....
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This note was uploaded on 07/31/2010 for the course HUMANITIES 1020 taught by Professor Szymanski during the Summer '08 term at Valencia.

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