tarih2 - Unidentified flying object Unidentified flying...

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Unidentified flying object Unidentified flying object (commonly abbreviated as UFO or U.F.O. ) is the popular term for any apparent aerial phenomenon whose cause cannot be easily or immediately identified by the observer. The United States Air Force , which coined the term in 1952, initially defined UFOs as those objects that remain unidentified after scrutiny by expert investigators, [1] though today the term UFO is colloquially used to refer to any unidentifiable sighting regardless of whether it has been investigated. Another widely known acronym for UFO in Spanish, French, Portuguese and Italian is OVNI ( Objeto Volador No Identificado , with variant regional spellings). Some investigators now prefer to use the broader term unidentified aerial phenomenon (or UAP ), to avoid the confusion and speculative associations that have become attached to UFO . [2] The term UFO is popularly taken as a synonym for alien spacecraft and generally most discussions of UFOs revolve around this presumption. [3] UFO enthusiasts, contactees , and devotees have created organizations and religions that have adopted extraterrestrial themes, and in general the extraterrestrial UFO concept has evolved into a prominent mythos in modern culture. [4] UFO sightings by the masses increased precipitously after a widely publicized incident reported by private pilot Kenneth Arnold in 1947 that also gave rise to the popular terms " flying saucer " and "flying disc." Studies have established that most UFO sightings are observations of some real but conventional object—most commonly aircraft, balloons, or astronomical objects such as meteors or bright planets—that have been misidentified by the observer as anomalies, while a small percentage of reported UFOs are hoaxes. [5] The possibility that all UFO sightings are misidentifications of known natural phenomena [6] inspired some debate in the scientific community about whether scientific investigation was warranted given the paucity of available empirical data. [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] Very little peer- reviewed literature has been published in which scientists have proposed, studied or supported non- prosaic explanations for UFOs. [12] Nevertheless, UFOs as a cultural phenomenon continues to be the subject of serious academic research [12] and amateur investigators continue to advocate that UFOs represent real and unexplained events, usually associated with alien encounters. History Unexplained aerial observations have been reported throughout history. Some were undoubtedly astronomical in nature: comets , bright meteors , one or more of the five planets, that can be seen with the naked eye, planetary conjunctions, or atmospheric optical phenomena such as parhelia and lenticular clouds . An example is Halley's Comet , which was recorded first by Chinese astronomers in 240 B.C. and possibly as early as 467 B.C. Other historical reports seem to defy prosaic explanation, but assessing such accounts is difficult.
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This note was uploaded on 08/02/2010 for the course ASDSDS 2221 taught by Professor Qq during the Spring '10 term at 東京国際大学.

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tarih2 - Unidentified flying object Unidentified flying...

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