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psc141.studyguide.final - development • Gender...

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PSC 141/ HD 101 Final Exam Study Guide Bring a blue UCD scantron to the exam 50 multiple choice questions Conceptual Development theories o defining features o theory-based o prototypes How children categorize o Thematic vs. taxonomic classifications o Basic level vs. subordinate vs. superordinate categories Conceptual Domains o Spatial skills Early skills Egocentric Allocentric Landmark-based o Biology How do we tell inanimate vs. animate objects? o Time What children are capable of at various ages o Number Cardinal numbers Ordinal numbers Subitizing o Death Social Cognition Early Developments o Social referencing—what is it, what is an example of social referencing? o Mirror self-recognition task (rouge test) Theory of Mind Tasks o Appearance-reality task o “Mean monkey” task (deception) o Sally Anne task (aka Maxi task) What is the task At what age do children succeed on this task What factors affect performance on the task o Deafness and hearing parents—what is the impact on theory of mind
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Unformatted text preview: development • Gender development o Early developments—segregation of sexes over time o Influences on gender schemas Autism • DSM-IV criteria • Interventions and effectiveness • Basic facts about autism Problem Solving • Solving by analogy—what factors help us use analogy • DeLoache’s research on scale models—why can 3-year-olds use scale models and 2.5 year-olds not? What is the challenge? What studies has she designed to test this hypothesis? • Means-ends analysis • How children are different problem solvers than adults • Methods used to study (microgenetic method) Academic Skills • Emergent literacy/reading o Emergent literacy skills Oral language Phonological awareness Memory Print knowledge o Reading comprehension o Learning how to read—what approach is most effective?...
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psc141.studyguide.final - development • Gender...

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