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Unformatted text preview: PSC 162 Part II 5/10/07 Humanistic & Existential Aspect of Personality Humanistic- Existential Perspectives- Existentialism (philosophy) o Meaning of human existence o “Non-positivist” – positivism basic idea that there an external reality, if you try to measure this external reality, you’ll discover the science behind things…basically science…..This non-positivist says truth lies within… study yourself and your own existence o Non-deterministic – you have freewill in this view o Subjective realities valid for study - Humanism o Human worth, values o “Third force” (versus psychoanalysis behaviorism) – most people didn’t feel that psychoanalysis or behaviorism didn’t relate to them so humanistic approach helps fill the gap o Self-awareness, power to change o Relationships to others o “Human potential movement” – People can be better than we are, if we adopt ideas that limit ourselves , we’ll never know how far we can actually go- Compare with psychoanalytic o Positive vs. negative view o Free will vs. determinist o Conscious experiences vs. hidden conflicts- Compare with behavioral o Conscious experience – behaviorist don’t believe in conscious experiences o Free will vs. determinist o Purpose, self-actualization – people find out their purpose in life and human are trying to become self-actualized and very important to them to figure this out- Elements – no science to this at all o Freedom and responsibility existentialism – you choose what you think and we have complete freedom of what we want to do and how we think o Love Feel like love is the answer…this is where you create meaning in life o Self-Actualization o Anxiety/Dread o Modern Society Encourages existential alienation- Existential Alienation 1950-2000- Social indicator Changes from 1950 to 2000- Divorce rate doubled- Out of wedlock birth rate up 7 times- Percent of population in prison up 5 times Abraham Maslow- Self-actualization o Innate tendency towards growth o Realized ultimate, unique potential o Study of healthy, ideal people (vs. neurotic people) Hierarchy of Needs Self-Actualization Esteem Belonging Safety Physiological Needs When there is a deficiency in one of these needs, you get these Self-Actualization- Fully mature- Self-acceptance- Absorption in work- Spontaneous- “Peak experiences” (“Flow”) Carl Rogers- People have an inherent tendency toward growth and maturation- “Becoming one’s self”- People must strive to take responsibility for themselves- Rogerian psychotherapy derives from his personality theory- For constructive personality change: o Therapist is supportive and nondirective o Empathy – what is it really like to be you o Unconditional positive regard – if you’re a parents, you show good esteem for anyone without strings attached....
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- Summer '08
- Personality Psychology, Borderline personality disorder, Histrionic personality disorder, Personality Humanistic- Existential Perspectives