UC Davis - P SC 162 - Midterm 2 Material

UC Davis - P SC 162 - Midterm 2 Material - PSC 162 Part II...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: PSC 162 Part II 5/10/07 Humanistic & Existential Aspect of Personality Humanistic- Existential Perspectives- Existentialism (philosophy) o Meaning of human existence o “Non-positivist” – positivism basic idea that there an external reality, if you try to measure this external reality, you’ll discover the science behind things…basically science…..This non-positivist says truth lies within… study yourself and your own existence o Non-deterministic – you have freewill in this view o Subjective realities valid for study - Humanism o Human worth, values o “Third force” (versus psychoanalysis behaviorism) – most people didn’t feel that psychoanalysis or behaviorism didn’t relate to them so humanistic approach helps fill the gap o Self-awareness, power to change o Relationships to others o “Human potential movement” – People can be better than we are, if we adopt ideas that limit ourselves , we’ll never know how far we can actually go- Compare with psychoanalytic o Positive vs. negative view o Free will vs. determinist o Conscious experiences vs. hidden conflicts- Compare with behavioral o Conscious experience – behaviorist don’t believe in conscious experiences o Free will vs. determinist o Purpose, self-actualization – people find out their purpose in life and human are trying to become self-actualized and very important to them to figure this out- Elements – no science to this at all o Freedom and responsibility existentialism – you choose what you think and we have complete freedom of what we want to do and how we think o Love Feel like love is the answer…this is where you create meaning in life o Self-Actualization o Anxiety/Dread o Modern Society Encourages existential alienation- Existential Alienation 1950-2000- Social indicator Changes from 1950 to 2000- Divorce rate doubled- Out of wedlock birth rate up 7 times- Percent of population in prison up 5 times Abraham Maslow- Self-actualization o Innate tendency towards growth o Realized ultimate, unique potential o Study of healthy, ideal people (vs. neurotic people) Hierarchy of Needs Self-Actualization Esteem Belonging Safety Physiological Needs When there is a deficiency in one of these needs, you get these Self-Actualization- Fully mature- Self-acceptance- Absorption in work- Spontaneous- “Peak experiences” (“Flow”) Carl Rogers- People have an inherent tendency toward growth and maturation- “Becoming one’s self”- People must strive to take responsibility for themselves- Rogerian psychotherapy derives from his personality theory- For constructive personality change: o Therapist is supportive and nondirective o Empathy – what is it really like to be you o Unconditional positive regard – if you’re a parents, you show good esteem for anyone without strings attached....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 08/03/2010 for the course PSC 141 taught by Professor Elder during the Summer '08 term at UC Davis.

Page1 / 13

UC Davis - P SC 162 - Midterm 2 Material - PSC 162 Part II...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online