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Unformatted text preview: PSC 162 Part II 5/10/07 Humanistic & Existential Aspect of Personality Humanistic- Existential Perspectives- Existentialism (philosophy) o Meaning of human existence o Non-positivist positivism basic idea that there an external reality, if you try to measure this external reality, youll discover the science behind thingsbasically science..This non-positivist says truth lies within study yourself and your own existence o Non-deterministic you have freewill in this view o Subjective realities valid for study - Humanism o Human worth, values o Third force (versus psychoanalysis behaviorism) most people didnt feel that psychoanalysis or behaviorism didnt relate to them so humanistic approach helps fill the gap o Self-awareness, power to change o Relationships to others o Human potential movement People can be better than we are, if we adopt ideas that limit ourselves , well never know how far we can actually go- Compare with psychoanalytic o Positive vs. negative view o Free will vs. determinist o Conscious experiences vs. hidden conflicts- Compare with behavioral o Conscious experience behaviorist dont believe in conscious experiences o Free will vs. determinist o Purpose, self-actualization people find out their purpose in life and human are trying to become self-actualized and very important to them to figure this out- Elements no science to this at all o Freedom and responsibility existentialism you choose what you think and we have complete freedom of what we want to do and how we think o Love Feel like love is the answerthis is where you create meaning in life o Self-Actualization o Anxiety/Dread o Modern Society Encourages existential alienation- Existential Alienation 1950-2000- Social indicator Changes from 1950 to 2000- Divorce rate doubled- Out of wedlock birth rate up 7 times- Percent of population in prison up 5 times Abraham Maslow- Self-actualization o Innate tendency towards growth o Realized ultimate, unique potential o Study of healthy, ideal people (vs. neurotic people) Hierarchy of Needs Self-Actualization Esteem Belonging Safety Physiological Needs When there is a deficiency in one of these needs, you get these Self-Actualization- Fully mature- Self-acceptance- Absorption in work- Spontaneous- Peak experiences (Flow) Carl Rogers- People have an inherent tendency toward growth and maturation- Becoming ones self- People must strive to take responsibility for themselves- Rogerian psychotherapy derives from his personality theory- For constructive personality change: o Therapist is supportive and nondirective o Empathy what is it really like to be you o Unconditional positive regard if youre a parents, you show good esteem for anyone without strings attached....
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- Summer '08