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PSC 100 Midterm #1 SG

PSC 100 Midterm #1 SG - PSC 100 MIDTERM#1 SG CHAPTER 1 1...

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PSC 100 – MIDTERM #1 SG CHAPTER 1 1. Cognitive map a. Idea proposed by Tolman b. What rats learn in maze isn’t series of S-R connections, but a picture of internal representation of the stimulus situation c. 2. cognitive model a. i. describes detection, storage, and use of information b. 2 major kinds i. Sequential 1. cognitive processes are broken into stages/steps 2. follow a time-ordered sequence 3. produce a response ii. computer model 1. human brain is “complex, high-end computer” 2. 3. still can’t fully comprehend human brain functioning 3. consciousness  a. i. memories, thoughts, bodily sensations b. current awareness of external/internal circumstances 4. empiricists (Hume, James, J. Mills) a. believe that knowledge comes from experience i. like you know the Pythagorean Theorem 1. known because of geometry classes 2. you weren’t born knowing it b. not inherent 5. information-processing model a. proposes that info is processed through a series of stages i. each performs unique operations b. c. based on 3 assumptions i. there are a series of sequential stages ii. unique processes @ each stage iii. 1. makes an internal representation 6. internal representation
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a. transformation of environmental cues into meaningful cognitive symbols of the perceived stimuli b. AKA: code c. Mental pictures of happenings of the event 7. knowledge a. 8. nativists a. believe knowledge is based on innate characteristics of the brain b. brain is partially “hard-wired” 9. neuron a. nerve cell w/ specialized processes b. c. basic cell of the nervous system d. conducts neural information 10. neuroscience model a. focuses on the underlying brain function that produces a cognitive experience 11. parallel distributed processing a. neurally inspired model fo the mind b. info is processed in a massively distributed, mutually interactive, parallel system i. various activities are carried out simultaneously through excitation/inhibition between units c. assume that information processing takes place through the interactions of a large # of simple processing elements called units i. 12. perception a.
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PSC 100 Midterm #1 SG - PSC 100 MIDTERM#1 SG CHAPTER 1 1...

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