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Unformatted text preview: A Dancing Robot for Rhythmic Social Interaction Marek P. Michalowski Robotics Institute Carnegie Mellon University 5000 Forbes Ave. Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA [email protected] Selma Sabanovic Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst. 110 8th St. Troy, NY 12180, USA [email protected] Hideki Kozima National Inst. of Information and Communications Tech. Hikaridai 3-5, Seika, Soraku Kyoto 619-0289, Japan [email protected] ABSTRACT This paper describes a robotic system that uses dance as a form of social interaction to explore the properties and im- portance of rhythmic movement in general social interaction. The system consists of a small creature-like robot whose movement is controlled by a rhythm-based software system. Environmental rhythms can be extracted from auditory or visual sensory stimuli, and the robot synchronizes its move- ment to a dominant rhythm. The system was demonstrated, and an exploratory study conducted, with children interact- ing with the robot in a generalized dance task. Through a behavioral analysis of videotaped interactions, we found that the robot’s synchronization with the background music had an effect on children’s interactive involvement with the robot. Furthermore, we observed a number of expected and unexpected styles and modalities of interactive exploration and play that inform our discussion on the next steps in the design of a socially rhythmic robotic system. Categories and Subject Descriptors H.1.2 [ Models and Principles ]: User/machine systems; I.2.9 [ Artificial Intelligence ]: Robotics; J.4 [ Social and Behavioral Sciences ]: Psychology, Sociology; J.5 [ Arts and Humanities ]: Performing arts General Terms Design, Experimentation, Human factors Keywords Human-robot interaction, Social robotics, Children, Dance 1. INTRODUCTION Socially interactive robots are being designed and built for the purposes of exploration (performing scientific exper- iments to learn about human behavior or cognition), service (assisting in labor, communication, or access to informa- tion), and inﬂuence (education, therapy, entertainment, or Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. HRI’07, March 8-11, 2007, Arlington, Virginia, USA. Copyright 2007 ACM 978-1-59593-617-2/07/0003 ... $ 5.00. Figure 1: Keepon dancing with a child. aesthetic experience). Regardless of motivation or applica- tion, the success of a face-to-face human-robot social inter- action depends strongly on the robot perceiving the spatial and temporal properties of the interaction and behaving in a coordinated manner. Robotics researchers have devoted many years of work to interactive skills such as turn-taking,...
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This note was uploaded on 08/03/2010 for the course MECHANIC 65921 taught by Professor Jons during the Spring '10 term at Tampa.
- Spring '10