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Unformatted text preview: 1 Introduction to this Special Issue* on Human-Robot Interaction Sara Kiesler Carnegie Mellon University Pamela Hinds Stanford University Sara Kiesler is an experimental social psychologist with interests in technology (including robotics), communication, groups, and organizations. She is a professor in the Human Computer Interaction Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pennsylvania. Pamela J. Hinds studies the impact of technology on individuals and groups. She is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Management Science and Engineering at Stanford University. *Special Issue of Human-Computer Interaction , Volume 19 (2004), Numbers 1 & 2. 2 Human-Robot Interaction Human-computer interaction (HCI), as a field, has made great strides toward understanding and improving our interactions with computer-based technologies. From the early explorations of direct interaction with computers, we have reached the point where usability, usefulness, and an appreciation of technology’s social impact, including its risks, are widely accepted goals in computing. HCI researchers, designers, and usability engineers work in a variety of settings on many kinds of technologies. Recent proceedings of the CHI conference give evidence of this diversity. Topics include not only the office systems where HCI work began, but also tiny mobile devices, web and Internet services, games, and large networked systems. This special issue introduces a rapidly emerging technology and new focus for HCI – autonomous robots and the human-robot interactions required by these robots. Until recently, HCI researchers have done little work with robots. Keywords related to robots or to human-robot interaction have not been included in the standard list of CHI topics, and this year was the first in which robots were a theme. This state of affairs was reasonable. As Sebastian Thrun’s opening essay in this special issue explains, today’s workhorse robots are mainly programmable industrial machines that offer modest challenges in human-computer interaction. Now, advances in computer technology, artificial intelligence, speech simulation and understanding, and remote controls have led to breakthroughs in robotic technology that offer significant implications for the human- computer interaction community. Autonomous mobile robots can identify and track a user’s position, respond to spoken questions, display text or spatial information, and travel on command while avoiding obstacles. These robots will soon assist in a range of tasks that are unpleasant, unsafe, taxing, confusing, low paid, or boring to people. For example, nurses making rounds in assisted living facilities spend much of their time sorting and administering medications....
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This note was uploaded on 08/03/2010 for the course MECHANIC 65921 taught by Professor Jons during the Spring '10 term at Tampa.
- Spring '10