UbiComp188-consolvo - Flowers or a Robot Army? Encouraging...

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Flowers or a Robot Army? Encouraging Awareness & Activity with Personal, Mobile Displays Sunny Consolvo 1, 2 , Predrag Klasnja 2 , David W. McDonald 2 , Daniel Avrahami 1 , Jon Froehlich 3 , Louis LeGrand 1 , Ryan Libby 3 , Keith Mosher 3 1, 3 1 Intel Research Seattle Seattle, WA 98105, USA [sunny.consolvo, daniel.avrahami, louis.l.legrand]@intel.com 2 The Information School University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195, USA [consolvo, klasnja, dwmc]@u.washington.edu 3 Computer Science & Engineering University of Washington Seattle, WA 98195, USA [jfroehli, libby, kemosher, landay]@cs.washington.edu ABSTRACT Personal, mobile displays, such as those on mobile phones, are ubiquitous, yet for the most part, underutilized. We present results from a field experiment that investigated the effectiveness of these displays as a means for improving awareness of daily life (in our case, self-monitoring of physical activity). Twenty-eight participants in three experimental conditions used our UbiFit system for a period of three months in their day-to-day lives over the winter holiday season. Our results show, for example, that participants who had an awareness display were able to maintain their physical activity level (even during the holidays), while the level of physical activity for participants who did not have an awareness display dropped significantly. We discuss our results and their general implications for the use of everyday mobile devices as awareness displays. Author Keywords ambient display, calm technology, personal mobile display, persuasive technology, mobile phone, awareness, physical activity, fitness, field experiment, glanceable display ACM Classification Keywords H.5.2 User Interfaces, H5.m Miscellaneous. INTRODUCTION From the screens on mobile phones that are already prevalent, to the growing area of dynamic displays on jewelry and personal accessories (e.g., [1] and [13]), it is becoming increasingly common for individuals to carry or wear small, personal displays. However, these displays— particularly the background screens and screen savers on mobile phones—are underutilized. Mobile phone displays typically show the date, time, battery status, signal strength, missed calls, voicemail, and text message icons overlaid on a stock image or personal photo; displays of some newer phones also provide quick access to the phone’s applications and information sources. While that may seem like a lot of useful information already, there is an opportunity to provide even more. At the core of the work presented in this paper is the notion that these always-available displays could be used to increase an individual’s awareness about various elements of daily life. For example, these personal, mobile displays could provide awareness of one’s own behavior (e.g., how physically active one is) or of the activities of friends and family. Awareness about one’s own behavior is particularly useful if one is trying to change behaviors or habits (e.g.,
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This note was uploaded on 08/03/2010 for the course MECHANIC 65921 taught by Professor Jons during the Spring '10 term at Tampa.

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UbiComp188-consolvo - Flowers or a Robot Army? Encouraging...

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