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October 22 Politics in the Third World

October 22 Politics in the Third World - Politics in the...

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October 22, 2007 Politics in the Third World: A Brief Introduction Nation A collection of people with a common culture and often or ideally a common territory Defined by a racial/ethnic identity Primordial Ties-gain a racial or ethnic identity through blood/marriage 1 Constructed-myth of a common past rather than a reality Instrumental Ties-assigning of people to groups/identities outsiders assign membership 1 Self (how do you identify yourself) and Other (how do others identify you) defined Membership in a collective-feeling of belonging to a group Created cultural identity Nationalism A mode of discourse, a movement, and an emotional sentiment about the nation Today is an age of nationalism There are few things apart from nationalism that can influence people to fight and die in its name 1 Elites activate the idea of collective memory and a shared past 2 Why does this resonate so well with people? Makes the idea of nationhood become important to us, becomes something worth fighting for (nation becomes your identity, so your identity is being threatened and you have to fight for this) 3 “Religious nationalism” Many that argue that this is the type of nationalism we’re going to see in the near future Centered around the idea that each nation should have its own state Historical ties to a certain territory that the nation believes “belongs” to them Some only seek autonomy within the state or at least greater or equal rights for their people Nation-State When a nation is coterminous with the state Why is the state so important to the nation?
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