PSYB10 Lecture 18 - PSYB10 Lecture 18 Intergroup Processes...

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PSYB10 Lecture 18 Intergroup Processes Lecture Overview Midterm 2 Questions? Intergroup Processes: Definitions Social Identity Theory Realistic Conflict Theory Intergroup Processes Definitions: INgroup A social group to which you belong (Indians, Perez Hilton fans) Outgroup A social group to which you do not belong Intergroup processes Situations, cognitions, beliefs, and feelings that arise when people from different groups interact with or think about each other Social Identity Theory A diffuse but interrelated set of social psychological theories about when and why individuals identify with, and behave as a part of, social groups Key Assumption: We have all have a need for positive self regard How do we achieve this positive self-regard? Via our own achievements Via identification with the achievements of the social groups we belong to (e.g. your hockey team wins tournament) Social Identity Theory 4 Main Components of Social Identity Theory: Categorization Identification Comparison Psychological Distinctiveness Categorization People naturally group other social objects into groups Creates ingroup-outgroup distinction Group Categorization Why do we categorize people into groups? Old way of thinking: Laziness New way of thinking: Cognitive miser Cognitive miser perspective (laziness - have resources but dont use) We have a limited cognitive resources that must be conserved Engage in mental shortcuts (e.g., heuristics)
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PSYB10 Lecture 18 - PSYB10 Lecture 18 Intergroup Processes...

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