8 - Social Disorganization Theory

8 - Social Disorganization Theory - Social Disorganization...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Social Disorganization (Ecological) Theory (Ecological) Progressive Era Park - Human Ecology (Symbiosis) (Symbiosis) 1. Balance 2. Invasion (Change) 3. Conflict 3. 4. Succession/Accommodation 4. 5. New Balance Burgess: Concentric Zone Model Zone Zone I Zone II Zone III Zone IV Zone V Shaw & McKay Shaw Highest delinquency Highest rates found in Zone II over time, despite changing ethnic compositions of neighborhoods neighborhoods Rapid Social Change Rapid Social Disorganization Delinquency Rates • High levels of economic High disadvantage disadvantage • High residential mobility • Lack of social integration and Lack cohesion cohesion • Weak informal and formal social Weak control control • Lack of value consensus • Cultural transmission of Cultural delinquent values delinquent Social Disorganization Social Chicago Area Projects Chicago Critique of Shaw & McKay Critique • Tautology • Offending in “organized” areas • Exceptions to the rule in Exceptions disorganized areas disorganized • Emphasis on value conflict • Forces promoting Forces disorganization disorganization Recent Directions Recent 1. Design Ecology 1. Design 2. Critical Ecology 2. Critical - Modern Cities - Cullen – Social Support - Rose & Clear 3. Integrated and Systemic Ecology - Sampson – Collective Efficacy - Warner – Attenuated Culture - Markowitz et al. Markowitz ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online