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Unformatted text preview: Social Disorganization (Ecological) Theory (Ecological)
Progressive Era Park - Human Ecology (Symbiosis) (Symbiosis)
1. Balance 2. Invasion (Change) 3. Conflict 3. 4. Succession/Accommodation 4. 5. New Balance Burgess: Concentric Zone Model Zone
Zone I Zone II Zone III Zone IV Zone V Shaw & McKay Shaw
Highest delinquency Highest rates found in Zone II over time, despite changing ethnic compositions of neighborhoods neighborhoods Rapid Social Change Rapid Social Disorganization Delinquency Rates • High levels of economic High disadvantage disadvantage • High residential mobility • Lack of social integration and Lack cohesion cohesion • Weak informal and formal social Weak control control • Lack of value consensus • Cultural transmission of Cultural delinquent values delinquent Social Disorganization Social Chicago Area Projects Chicago Critique of Shaw & McKay Critique
• Tautology • Offending in “organized” areas • Exceptions to the rule in Exceptions disorganized areas disorganized • Emphasis on value conflict • Forces promoting Forces disorganization disorganization Recent Directions Recent
1. Design Ecology 1. Design 2. Critical Ecology 2. Critical - Modern Cities - Cullen – Social Support - Rose & Clear 3. Integrated and Systemic Ecology - Sampson – Collective Efficacy - Warner – Attenuated Culture - Markowitz et al. Markowitz ...
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- Fall '08