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11 - Differential Opportunity Theory

11 - Differential Opportunity Theory - Cloward&...

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Unformatted text preview: Cloward & Ohlin’s Differential Opportunity Theory Opportunity • Lower class, urban, Lower male, gang delinquency male, • Synthesis of Strain and Synthesis Learning Theories Learning Cloward & Ohlin Cloward • Motive for delinquency comes from a gap between lofty aspirations and blocked legitimate opportunities (strain) legitimate • Type of delinquency is function of illegitimate opportunity structure (learning) structure Subcultural Typology Subcultural • Criminal (illegal income Criminal generating activities) generating • Conflict (violent crime and Conflict property destruction) property • Retreatist (substance abuse) Mobilization for Youth (MOBY) (MOBY) Critique of Cloward & Ohlin Critique • Difficulty accounting for certain Difficulty types of delinquency types • Difficulty accounting for aging Difficulty out out • Modest to low aspirations among Modest those who become delinquent those • Subcultural typology • Does not explain inequality ...
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