Unformatted text preview: Control Theories Control
• Some (Hirschi) assume a natural, Some constant motivation to crime and ask what leads people to conform? (Variance is in controls) controls) • Others assume variable Others motivation to crime and also ask what leads people to conform? (Variance is in both controlling and motivating factors) Walter Reckless Walter Containment Theory Why do some (many) kids Why living in high delinquency areas not become seriously delinquent, given criminogenic surroundings? criminogenic • External External social pressures pressures • External External social pulls social • Internal Internal pushes pushes Forces Promoting Promoting Crime Crime Forces Restraining Crime • Outer/external Outer/external containments containments • Inner Inner containments containments Policy Implications and Critique of Reckless’ Theory Critique Kaplan Kaplan
Delinquency as selfesteem enhancement Travis Hirschi (1969) – Social Bond Theory Bond • Assumes motivation to crime Assumes is natural and constant is • Theorizes about why people Theorizes don’t commit crime, since we all would if we dared all Bond Elements Bond
• Attachment to parents, Attachment school, and conventional peers peers • Commitment • Involvement • Belief The source of a weak bond is improper child rearing or parenting during early socialization (lax mon...
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- Fall '08
- Social control theory, Hirschi Critique, Recognize deviance deviance, Outer/external containments containments