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Unformatted text preview: O bje c t 1 Assessment and Classification Hello and welcome back! Last week you were introduced to various correctional practices that are referred to as the principles of effective correctional intervention. This week, we are going to examine a subgroup of these principles that have to do with offender assessment and classification. In a ground breaking 1990 article, Andrews, Bonta, and Hoge set forth four basic principles of classification that are rooted in the psychology of criminal conduct. These principles are known as the risk, need, responsivity, and professional override principles. During this lecture, I will introduce you to each of these principles, discuss their status in correctional practice, and examine recent research testing their validity. The first principle of effective classification, known as the risk principle, is perhaps the most critical of all as it is the one most directly related to the issue of public safety. The risk principle is designed to ensure two things: First, that agencies use an empirically valid method of risk assessment to predict the likelihood of offender recidivism; and second, that offenders are placed in the correctional settings and programs that are commensurate with their level of risk. Risk assessment methods have evolved since the late 1970s as the result of an increased focus on accountability and fairness. Before that time, the typical approach to risk assessment was a clinical approach in which the person carrying out the assessment did so from their own personal or theoretical framework. Their classification decisions were based on their intuition or professional judgment. The advantage of this type of clinical assessment is that it provides depth and reflects the unique circumstances of the offender. The disadvantage is that the lack of standardization contributes to bias and low levels of reliability....
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This note was uploaded on 08/08/2010 for the course COR 850 taught by Professor Matthews,b during the Fall '08 term at E. Kentucky.
- Fall '08