Wilson - 10.1177/0093854804272889 CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND...

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10.1 7 /0 938548042728 9 CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR Wilson et al. / COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL PROGRAM REVIEW A QUANTITATIVE REVIEW OF STRUCTURED, GROUP-ORIENTED, COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL PROGRAMS FOR OFFENDERS DAVID B. WILSON George Mason University LEANA ALLEN BOUFFARD North Dakota State University DORIS L. MACKENZIE University of Maryland Prior reviews and meta-analyses have supported the hypothesis that offender rehabilitation pro- grams based on cognitive-behavioral principles reduce recidivism. This article quantitatively synthesizes the extant empirical evidence on the effectiveness of structured cognitive-behavioral programs delivered to groups of offenders. The evidence summarized supports the claim that these treatments are effective at reducing criminal behavior among convicted offenders. All higher quality studies reported positive effects favoring the cognitive-behavioral treatment pro- gram.Specifically,positivereductionsinrecidivismwereobservedformoralreconationtherapy, reasoning and rehabilitation, and various cognitive-restructuring programs. The evidence sug- gests the effectiveness of cognitive skills and cognitive restructuring approaches as well as programs that emphasize moral teachings and reasoning. Keywords: cognitive-behavioral; recidivism; meta-analysis; group therapy T he debate surrounding the effectiveness of rehabilitation efforts for criminal offenders has moved from the rather pessimistic per- spective of the 1970s and 1980s, exemplified best by Martinson 172 AUTHOR NOTE: Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to David B. Wilson, Administration of Justice, George Mason University, 10900 Univer- sity Blvd, MS 4F4, Manassas, VA 20110-2203. E-mail: dwilsonb@gmu.edu. This work was supported in part by the Jerry Lee Foundation. CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR, Vol. 32 No. 2, April 2005 172-204 DOI: 10.1177/0093854804272889 © 2005 American Association for Correctional Psychology
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(1974), to a more optimistic perspective driven by research from the 1980s and 1990s. The effectiveness of some rehabilitation approaches has renewed such optimism (e.g., Andrews et al., 1990; Lipsey, 1992; Lipsey & Wilson, 1998; MacKenzie, 2002; Whitehead & Lab, 1989). A consistent theme in numerous reviews of the rehabilitation litera- ture is the positive effects of cognitive and cognitive-behavioral approaches for treating the offender population (e.g., Cullen & Gendreau, 1989; Gendreau & Ross, 1987; Husband & Platt, 1993). For example, Andrews et al. (1990) concluded from a meta-analysis of adult and juvenile correctional treatment that cognitive and behavioral methods are critical aspects of effective correctional treat- ment (see also Losel, 1995). Similarly, Gendreau and Andrews (1990) concluded that the most effective interventions are those that use cognitive-behavioral techniques to improve cognitive functioning. Research reviews of cognitive-behavioral programs for offenders have also drawn favorable conclusions (Allen, MacKenzie, & Hickman, 2001; MacKenzie & Hickman, 1998). This is not entirely a surprise because cognitive-behavioral treatments have become a dominant, if not the dominant, paradigm in clinical psychology (Dobson & Khatri, 2000).
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This note was uploaded on 08/08/2010 for the course COR 850 taught by Professor Matthews,b during the Fall '08 term at E. Kentucky.

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Wilson - 10.1177/0093854804272889 CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND...

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