Crank & Gregor Chap 3

Crank & Gregor Chap 3 - Crank&GregorChap3.

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A Philosophical Basis for a Meaningful, Long-term Response to Terrorism 1.  The Past is Prologue a. President George W. Bush, 9/13/01:  “We have just seen the first war of the  twenty-first century.”   b. President Bush was wrong.  In 2001, the 21 st  century had already seen at least  20 major world conflicts and 50 minor ones. i. Major equals more than 1,000 dead and the potential to expand into a  multinational/regional conflict. ii. Minor equals less than 1,000 dead and not likely to expand beyond the  borders of one state. c. The Lesson is: What you see depends upon where you stand. 2. Conflict is Defined by Context  a. Context is:  i. History – Just because your intentions are good does not mean that the  consequences of your actions cannot be bad.   1. No Good Deed Goes Unpunished? ii. Geography (including resources: oil, water, arable land, minerals) iii. Culture 1. Ethnicity 2. Religion b. Context makes “good guy versus bad guy” a subjective value judgment. i. Values are determined by culture ii. People inherit or choose to adopt values.  Values cannot be changed by  force
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iii. What difference does it make that public opinion polls in the Middle East  consistently show widespread dissatisfaction with U.S. policies but that  the people there generally like the people here?
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c. Context permits, and requires, a long-term view  i. Context teaches that counter-terrorism requires two strategies: 1. A short-term “Security” response to immediate threats. a. Military or police power response to “incidents.” b. Defend targets with guns, guards, and gates. c. Attack by capturing and punishing the terrorist. 2. A long-term diplomatic response: a. Recognizes the conditions  that “create” terrorists and  terrorism. b. Defends with diplomacy c. Attacks with the development and implementation of  policies intended to ameliorate those conditions. ii. Ignore context at your peril. 1. Terrorists and terrorism are created by, and imbedded in,  unsatisfactory conditions of life somewhere in the world. 2. The 9/11 terrorists clearly believed that the United States  contributed to the creation or the continuation of those conditions.  See the statement from Osama bin Laden on page 49 of your text. a. If they believe a thing to be true, does that make it “true”? b. Since context is subjective, it does not matter to them that  we think that their perceptions are wrong. 3.
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Crank & Gregor Chap 3 - Crank&GregorChap3.

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