The Terms of War and Ethics

The Terms of War and Ethics - The Terms of War and Ethics...

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The Terms of War and Ethics The Doctrine of a “Just” War 1. Ancient Latin; Recent Use. a. Jus belli: The laws of war. i. Jus ad bellum: “Going to war” - The rules setting forth the conditions under which a state may legally resort to war or to force in general. ii. Casus belli: An act or situation provoking or justifying war. iii. Jus in bello: The rules governing the conduct of belligerents during a war. 1. Indirectly this also encompasses the rights and obligations of neutral parties.
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2. The literature creating the concept of a “just war” goes back more than 2,000 years. a. An attempt to reconcile might and right. i. A just war is a response to unprovoked aggression, or ii. The ultimate means for restoring a right that had been violated, or iii. A way to punish an offending state. b. Four traditionally accepted just causes for war: i. Defense ii. Recovery of property iii. Recovery of debts iv. Punishment for bad acts.
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Under the classical restrictions on warfare as defined by Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), an act of war was lawful if “just” and it was just if going to war was based upon the four “just causes” for war. i. There is then a direct consequential relationship between cause and result: 1. The conditions cited as causes of the war (casus belli) lead to…. 2. The belligerent’s right to resort to force (jus ad bellum) … 3. This makes the belligerent subject to …. 4.
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The Terms of War and Ethics - The Terms of War and Ethics...

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