Laboratory_4_Taxanomy-Kingdoms_Plants_&_Animals-1

Laboratory_4_Taxanomy-Kingdoms_Plants_&_Animals-1 -...

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    Laboratory 4: Taxonomy and  Classification/ Kingdoms  Plantae & Animalia
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    Objectives Understand the process by which organisms are catalogued and organized Produce a dichotomous key Learn the major groups of taxa of animals and plants in the temperate forest
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    Introduction 1,500,000 identified and named organisms Each has a place in taxonomy based upon how it is identified Typically done with physical characteristics but with new technology we can use DNA
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    Taxonomy Taxonomists look at differences and similarities to determine how organisms are classified This helps us determine how things are related or not related
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    Taxonomy Each group of life is called a taxon The major taxa are: Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species White-tailed Deer Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Cervidae Genus: Odocoileous Species: Virginianus
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    Taxonomy  Binomial Nomenclature – the 2-named naming system Developed by Carlous Linnaeus Swedish botanist/physician who described the entire known world and gave every species a two part name
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    Value of binomial nomenclature Before Linnaeus, species were only given common names which could cause confusion between regions Two words could be used to unambiguously identify organisms
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    How does this affect you? Red Snapper USA Today reported in July 2004 that up to 77% of fish labeled as ‘red snapper’ is mislabeled due to confusion between companies and regions DNA test were done to determine which species were present in the samples from eight states Some of the species were too rare to identify
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    Aneides aeneus What does Aneides aeneus mean? Aneides means ‘climbing salamander’ Aeneus means ‘brassy or golden green in color’ All binomial names are latin
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    The Five Kingdoms (Note: this is  different than what you lab manual has) Kingdom Protista Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Animalia
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This note was uploaded on 08/08/2010 for the course BIO 100 taught by Professor Dr.dave during the Spring '08 term at E. Kentucky.

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Laboratory_4_Taxanomy-Kingdoms_Plants_&_Animals-1 -...

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