Preterite Conjugation Study Guide

Preterite Conjugation Study Guide - How to Form the...

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How to Form the Preterite in Spanish The preterite is probably the most difficult verb conjugation to deal with in Spanish. Learning how to conjugate verbs correctly in the preterite is mostly a matter of memorization and practice. The following is a quick reference guide designed to help you learn and study the formation of the preterite in a simple and organized manner. I. COMPLETELY REGULAR VERBS – (JUST ADD ENDINGS): Most verbs are completely regular in the preterite. In order to conjugate them correctly, all you have to do is simply add the correct ending onto the stem. Observe the following regular verb endings for the preterite. Notice that – er verbs and – ir verbs have the same set of endings. Also, note that the nosotros forms in the preterite are identical to those in the present tense for – ar and – ir verbs. Any potential confusion is cleared up through the context in which the forms are used. ar verb endings -er and –ir verb endings yo él, ella, Ud. -aste nosotros vosotros ellos, ellas, Uds. -amos -asteis -aron yo él, ella, Ud. -iste -ió nosotros vosotros ellos, ellas, Uds. -imos -isteis -ieron Here are examples of a regular – ar verb, - er verb and – ir verb conjugated in the preterite: hablar comer vivir habl é habl aste habl ó habl amos habl asteis habl aron com í com iste com com imos com isteis com ieron viv í viv iste viv viv imos viv isteis viv ieron Examples of other verbs that are conjugated the exact same way are: bailar, desear, cantar, escuchar, estudiar, necesitar, trabajar, comprar, beber, aprender, vender, comprender, escribir, abrir, asistir, recibir, etc. ¡OJO!: The verb ver is regular in the preterite, but none of its forms have a written accent mark. ver v i vi ste v io v imos v isteis v ieron 1
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II. REGULAR VERBS THAT HAVE SPELLING CHANGES: Some verbs in the preterite have regular endings, but they have spelling changes in one or more forms. SPELLING CHANGES FOR “ YO ” FORMS OF REGULAR - AR VERBS Verbs that end in – car , - gar , and – zar in the infinitive have a spelling change in the yo form in the preterite (which has the – é ending) in order to accurately represent the way they are pronounced and to conform to spelling rules. These forms are not irregular; only the spelling is adjusted, and it only applies to the yo form. The other 5 forms do not have this spelling change. Examples of verbs that have these spelling changes are jugar , llegar , pagar, buscar , sacar, aparcar , tocar , empezar , comenzar , almorzar , organizar , etc. Type of verb spelling change verbs ending in –car c qu verbs ending in – gar g gu verbs ending in – zar z c tocar (c qu) llegar (g gu) cruzar (z c) to qué tocaste tocó tocamos tocasteis tocaron lle gué llegaste llegó llegamos llegasteis llegaron cru cruzaste cruzó cruzamos cruzasteis cruzaron SPELLING CHANGES FOR REGULAR VERBS ENDING IN – EER , - AER , - OER AND OÍR : When the infinitive form of a verb ends in –
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This note was uploaded on 08/08/2010 for the course SPN 312L taught by Professor Garrett during the Summer '08 term at University of Texas.

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Preterite Conjugation Study Guide - How to Form the...

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