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SI-CLAUSES - Si-Clauses Expressing Conditions and Their...

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Si-Clauses Expressing Conditions and Their Results: In Spanish, conditional sentences are made up of two parts: a si-clause (if-clause), that states a condition, plus a result clause that states what it is that depends on that condition. What this basically amounts to is: If X, then Y. si-clause (x) result clause (y) Si Juan tiene dinero este fin de semana, va a salir con sus amigos. If Juan has money this weekend, he will go out with his friends. ¡OJO!: The order of the two clauses can be reversed, and the sentence will mean the exact same thing. For example: Juan va a salir con sus amigos si tiene dinero este fin de semana. I. FACTUAL CONDITIONAL SENTENCES - Used to describe conditions that are true or believed to be true: A. General Truths and Scientific Facts: If X happens, Y happens or applies. The present indicative is used in both clauses. Si son las dos en Austin, son las nueve en Madrid. If it’s two o’clock in Austin, it’s nine o’clock in Madrid. Si el aire se expande, se hace más ligero. If air expands, it becomes lighter. B. Habitual Events and States: 1. Applying at the Present Time or in General: If X happens, Y happens. The present indicative is used in both clauses. Si Guillermo bebe alcohol, no conduce. If William drinks alcohol, he doesn’t drive. Si Mónica está en San Marcos, siempre va de compras. If Monica is in San Marcos, she always goes shopping.
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