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Cayla SilviaPS380 Clinical PsychologyFebruary 23, 2019Unit 8 Assignment: Evaluation of Treatment Approaches in Clinical Psychology
Autism Spectrum DisorderThe disorder that I chose is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Autism spectrum disorder,a neuro-developmental disorder - characterized by impairments in social interactions and communication and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior (Jo, Schieve, & Rice, 2015). The symptoms of this disorder range, ultimately they typically have to do with difficulties in socializing and communicating properly and effectively. The symptoms of autism spectrum disorder can be described in more detail as deficits in social-emotional reciprocity can range from abnormal social approach and failure of normal back and forth conversation to a reduced ability to share interests and emotions. Individuals diagnosed with ASD have difficulty initiating conversations and responding to other individuals in a social environment. These symptoms also include deficits in nonverbal communication which is used during social interactions. These deficits range from abnormal eye contact and body language to deficits in being able to understand and use gestures. Individuals with ASD may also lack facial expressions, causing them to have a flat affect throughout any communication. A symptom that typically effects individuals when they are young is inability to participate in imaginative play, and difficulty sharing with peers. Lastly, individuals with Autism spectrum disorder have a difficult time with relationships and being able to distinguish when and where certain context is acceptable in a specific environment. These can be detected early in life, which is important for adiagnosis. An early diagnosis can increase the likelihood of an individual receiving early intervention services to support the individual and their family/caregivers. The number of individuals who are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder has increased over the years by 6 to 15 percent each year from 2002 to 2010 (Facts and Statistics, 2019). The estimated percentage of the population who is diagnosed with ASD is 1 percent. The
prevalence of individuals is about 1 in 59 births, also more than 3.5 million Americans are said tolive with ASD (Facts and Statistics, 2019). It’s hard to know whether this increase in diagnosis isdue to more people having the disorder or because people have become more aware and educated on the disorder. However, the age at which individuals are diagnosed with ASD has decreased each year. This meaning, that the age which children are diagnosed is earlier as the years pass. The suspected cause of Autism spectrum disorder, is a question that is always up for debate with most people. It can even be a debate that most individuals don’t want to participate in. For years there has been the question on whether or not vaccinations have been the cause behind autism spectrum disorder. Despite the uncertainty of a cause for ASD the biggest hypothesis is based on multiple factors including, genetics, epigenetic and environmental. These