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Running head: APPLICATION OF A GRAND THEORY1Application of a Grand TheoryDaryl Gene MagadaMaryville University of Saint LouisTheoretical Foundations of Nursing PracticeNURS 600Dr. Lois EwenSeptember 10, 2019
APPLICATION OF A GRAND THEORY2Application of a Grand TheoryThis paper is a discussion about the comparison and contrast of two nursing theorist,Imogen King, and Margaret Newman, and how their theory can be employed in nursing practice.Imogene King is considered to be one of the interaction theorists in nursing. Shedeveloped Theory of Goal Attainment (TGA) which has a basic concept of making a connectionwith the patient and setting realistic mutual goals and prepare a program to achieve those ends.Her work explored to answer not only what nurses do, but how nurses practice what theyperform. King defines nursing as “a process of action, reaction, and interaction whereby thenurse and client share information about their perceptions of the nursing situation and agree ongoals” (Meleis, 2012, p. 165). She emphasizes that the ultimate function of the nurse is to carefor patients, and its goal is to encourage and maintain the individuals' health so they can care forthemselves. Patient for King is defined as a social being who demands health information, careto prevent illness, and care when he is unable doing it for himself (Petiprin, 2016). The TGA alsouses the nursing process, where the primary focus is establishing a nurse-patient relationship.King believes that understanding and building trust with the patient can be more effective inhelping him towards wellness.Margaret Newman, on the other hand, is considered to be a grand nursing theorist. Sheformulated the theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness, which was derived from MarthaRogers’ Theory of Unitary Human Being.Her philosophy has more extensive scope fordiscussing various concepts and propositions that nurses may encounter in the practice ofcare. She asserts that every individual, no matter what circumstances, is part of the universalprocess of expanding consciousness. Expanding consciousness is defined asa process ofbecoming more of oneself, of finding greater meaning in life, and of reaching new dimensions of

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Nursing, Imogene King, Margaret Newman

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