Midterm review - WEEK 1 THE FOUR Ps OF GLOBALIZATION What...

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WEEK 1 THE FOUR Ps OF GLOBALIZATION What are the four Ps? Phenomenon, process, patterns, and philosophy of globalization Is globalization a novel phenomenon? No, it occurred in three distinct waves: 1. age of discovery (1450-1850) Globalization shaped by European expansion and conquest, 2. major expansion in the spread and entrenchment of European empires, 3. contemporary globalization (1960 on) is defined by the technological/communication revolution. What are three the engines behind the process of globalization? Technics (modern communication/technology), economics, politics Do the patterns of globalization affect the principal sectors of social activity? Yes, is evident in all the principal sectors of social activity. Define the philosophy of globalization. Entails reality of being interconnected. Economic, political, and cultural expectations are converging. WEEK 2 LECTURE OUTLINES FOR: Steven Smith’s Introduction Theories of World Politics Distinguish the difference between world politics and international politics .- The term world politics is used instead of international politics is because the former is more inclusive. That world politics focus politics and political patterns that occur not only between nation-states but also relations between organizations that may or may not be states, such as multinational corporations, non-governmental organizations, terrorist groups, etc. (p. 3) Define realism .- Realism on world politics argues that the main actors on the world stage are sovereign nation-states. Nation-states reflect the human Source: “Globalization and global politics” by Anthony McGrew and “Teaching Globalization” by      Muqtedar Khan    
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component or the nature of human actors, which realists believe that human nature is fixed, sinful, and selfish. So that, for realists, world politics is about the struggle of power between states as each trying to maximize their national interests. To lessen anarchy in world politics, states can pursue through the diplomacy of balance of power and cooperation. But, at the same time, implementing such policy also requires military power, and that the potential for conflict is ever present. (p. 4-5) Define liberalism . - Liberalism on world politics argues human beings are perfectible, and that democracy is necessary for that perfectibility to develop. For liberalists, progress is and should be the dominant theme, not realists’ notion that war is the natural condition of world politics. That is, interdependence – through laws, agreed norms, international regimes, and institutional regimes – minimizes military power. And that the national interests, no longer confine to just states but other non-state actors, will stress economic wealth and cooperation. (p. 4) Define Marxism .- Marxism on world politics argues that world politics takes place within a world capitalist economy in which the most important actors are not states but classes. For Marxists, states,
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Midterm review - WEEK 1 THE FOUR Ps OF GLOBALIZATION What...

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