week 1 day1 and 2 - T he Postwar junctures TIMEL I N E...

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The Postwar junctures TIMELINE About Postwar Junctures In accordance with John Ikenberry’s After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding , major postwar junctures are strategic moments that provide opportunities for leading states to put forward new rules and principles of international relations and by doing so reshape international order. To do this, the leading states must have incentives to resort to institutional strategies as means to restraint indiscriminate and arbitrary state power, as well as locking in a favorable and durable postwar order. The above is shaped by two factors: 1) the extent of power disparities after the war in which the greater the power disparities the greater incentives for weaker and secondary states to establish institutional agreements that reduce the risks of domination or abandonment; and 2) the types of states that are party to the settlement in which democratic states have greater capacities to enter into binding institutions and thereby reassure the other states in the postwar settlement than non-democracies. So that, while international politics is thought to be “anarchic,” there indeed has been a movement in the direction of institutionalized settlement and constitutional order in which international politics, like domestic politics, has been “tamed.” Yet, if wars between states are becoming less common, wars within them are on the rise, especially as terrorism is becoming the weapon of the weak. Moreover, the intensive/extensive global economy that has resulted in “complex interdependence” could at the same time produce economic crises or post economic crises that can alter the international order, much like the postwar junctures. 1648 1713 Westphalia settlement ending the Thirty Years’ War emphasized the efforts of two victorious states – that of France and Sweden – to undermine or erode the religious or universalism and hierarchal control of Holy Roman Empire through three principles. That is, every king or the territorial ruler is not subject to any higher political authority; the ruler was given the right to determine the religion of his realm; and the practice of balance of power, preventing any hegemon from arising and dominating anyone else. These new rules and principles have strengthened the political and legal autonomy of emerging territorial nation-states. Utrecht settlements consisted of six bilateral treaties that ended the War of Spanish Succession: Great Britain-France; Great Britain-Spain; France-Prussia; France-Holland; France-Savoy; and Savoy-Spain. The settlements eroded the tendencies of dynastic unions, severely limiting the opportunity for a dynast again to see “universal” monarchy. The settlements solidified state power and national interests and established the
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This note was uploaded on 08/09/2010 for the course INTB INTB 3352 taught by Professor Ortega during the Spring '10 term at University of Houston.

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week 1 day1 and 2 - T he Postwar junctures TIMEL I N E...

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