MIDTERM LONGLE2 - WEEK 1 The Four Ps of Globalization What...

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WEEK 1 The Four Ps of Globalization What are the four Ps? phenomenon process patterns philosophy What are three engines behind the process of globalization? Technics Economics politics Define the philosophy of globalization. The philosophy of globalization entails the reality of being interconnected: Peoples' economic, political and cultural expectations are converging. Postwar Juncture Timeline What is a postwar juncture? major postwar junctures are strategic moments that provide opportunities for leading states to put forward new rules and principles of international relations and by doing so reshape international order. What are the main features of the postwar junctures of 1945, 1989, 9/11, and 2008 financial crisis? 1945-The United States emerged as a superpower , commanding a far more favorable position of power and its allies had pronounced incentives to move toward an institutionalized settlement than in post-WWI. - The U.S. transformed post WWII by creating extensive use of binding institutions, manifest most fully in the security commitments and restraints established between the United States and its postwar allies. - 1989-The end of the Cold War – the decision of the Soviet leaders in the late 1980s to allow peaceful change in Eastern Europe and in the Soviet Union – shows evidence of the ability of the U.S. and other Western democracies to establish instituionalized restrain in great-power and superpower relations. -As a rising post-Cold War power the United States had incentives to use insitutions to lock in favorable policy orientations in other states. NATO expansion, NAFTA, and APEC were all examples of this thinking. American officials believed that bringing newly reforming countries into these organizations would help reinforce domestic instituions and political coalitions in these countries that were committed to political and market liberalization Source: “Globalization and global politics” by Anthony McGrew and “Teaching Globalization” by      Muqtedar Khan    
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Can the September 11, 2000 terrorist attacks be considered a postwar juncture? While after 9/11 the United States attempted to transform the Middle East (and, to a lesser extent, Southeast Asia) through building an order based on constitutional and democratic institutions, there are high risks of transnational terrorism explosions in those regions as a result. If wars between states are becoming less common, wars within them are on the rise and especially in which terrorism is becoming the weapon of the weak. In particular, because transnational terrorism could be seen as a product of globalization, the U.S. and its allies are being challenged in containing transnational terrorism. 2008 financial crisis-Can the 2008 financial crash transform the “end of
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This note was uploaded on 08/09/2010 for the course INTB INTB 3352 taught by Professor Ortega during the Spring '10 term at University of Houston.

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MIDTERM LONGLE2 - WEEK 1 The Four Ps of Globalization What...

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