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Introduction to Bibliology

Introduction to Bibliology - Introduction to Bibliology...

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Introduction to Bibliology, frankpastore.com 1 INTRODUCTION TO BIBLIOLOGY AUTOGRAPH A B C A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A1A A1B A1C A5A A5B A9A A1A1 A5A1 A5A2 A5A3 A5A4 A5A5 A9A1 A9A2 KEY TERMINOLOGY PAPYRUS – Type of paper made from the pulp of the papyrus plant. The oldest manuscripts are on papyri, written in uncial script using large, upper-case letters with no separation between words. Only 92 papyri have been cataloged. SCROLL – Sheets of papyrus glued together and rolled around a stick. The Isaiah scroll is over 20 feet long. CODEX – Sheets of papyrus gathered in leaf form and written on both sides. Appears to have been invented by first century Christians to assemble the books of the Bible. UNCIAL – Parchment replaced papyri in the 4th century. These were popular until the ninth century. 268 uncial manuscripts are cataloged. Type looks like printed capitals. MINISCULE – Popular from the 9th to the 16th, cursive writing. 2,792 cataloged. LECTIONARY – 2,193 cataloged, in both uncial and miniscule scripts used for daily or weekly lessons. SOURCES SUPPORTING THE HISTORICITY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT MASSORETES – (A.D. 500-950) Responsible for the development of the Massoretic Text of the Hebrew scriptures, a text free from accretions and adulterations, that included copyist instructions and commentary as marginal notes. Their “pointing system” of dots and strokes allowed for the pronunciation of a text written in consonants only. A 10th century MT is the earliest complete set of the Old Testament. THE HEBREW TEXTS Cairo Codex [C] ~A.D. 895 Prophets Aleppo Manuscript [A] ~A.D. 900 3/4 of the O.T. The Leningrad Manuscript B3 [P] ~A.D. 916 Latter Prophets British Museum Manuscript ~A.D. 950 Gen 39:20-Deut 1:33 only The Leningrad Manuscript B19A [L] ~A.D. 1008 Complete O.T. DEAD SEA SCROLLS – In 1947, nearly 500 scrolls in clay jars were found hidden in caves 8 miles south of Jericho, near Qumran. Written between 150 B.C. and 70 A.D., many of the scrolls have simply decayed, leaving over 40,000 individual fragments. 100 of the scrolls are books of the Old Testament, with each book being cited except for Esther. When first discovered, these scrolls antedated any other Hebrew text fragment
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Introduction to Bibliology, frankpastore.com 2 by 1,000 years, silencing the liberal argument that the text had been corrupted. For example, today’s text of Isaiah is 95% consistent with that of a complete scroll of Isaiah found at Qumran. SEPTUAGINT (LXX, 250 B.C.)– Legend has it that 72 Alexandrian Jewish translators, six from each tribe, translated the Hebrew Pentateuch into Greek in 72 days, while doing so independently from one another while working in separate rooms and, to top it off, the translations were identical! The most significant Greek version of the Hebrew text.
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