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Anthro 137 Final Study Guide

Anthro 137 Final Study Guide - Herman Daly wrote about...

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Herman Daly: wrote about stead state economies, promotes an energy mix of resources (oil and renewals), remedy for global over consumption, continued growth is not possible because resources are finite, a paradigm shift must happen for people to change the ways they think about energy. Denis Hayes: Activist and proponent of solar power. A major energy transition of some kind is inevitable. Discontinuity in the production and the use of energy…should use solar. The most direct use of solar is heating water and buildings, photovoltaic cells, wind power. Most technology options today do not acknowledge social consequences or take into account social goals when choosing energy options. Involved in the Carter administration with solar as head of Solar Energy Research Institute. Helped start earth day. Solar Possibilities—solar will fill in the gaps. Amory Lovins: Soft paths: renewables, solar, wind, hydro Hard paths: centralized continuation of technology, oil, nuclear, coal, controlling, not friendly to democratic process, destructive to environment and health, inefficient, Efficiency expert Natural capital David Freeman: Jimmy Carter appointed head of TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) and wanted to change from growth to conservation. Shut down nuclear plants. Mentioned in Nader’s article “Shifting Gears” Energized SMUD to renewable energy Successfully fought the planned nuclear power plant for SMUD Art Rosenfeld: Reroof, repave and add trees to affect substantial energy savings. Member of California Energy Commission Helped design CFLS and motion sensors on lights “Thinks outside the box” Effective in policy Father of Energy Efficiency Low Energy growth rate- “Rosenfeld effect” Rashid Khalidi: Wrote “Resurrecting Empire: Western footprints and America’s perilous path in the Middle East”. Culture of dependency established because of foreign oil companies involvement in their societies. Some good—democracy, education, formation of infrastructure. Social and political consequences of energy choices Wendell Berry: According to Berry, the good life includes sustainable agriculture, appropriate technologies, healthy rural communities, connection to place, the pleasures of good food, husbandry, good work, local economics, the miracle of life, fidelity, frugality, reverence, and the interconnectedness of life. The
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threats Berry finds to this good life include: industrial farming and the industrialization of life, ignorance, hubris, greed, violence against others and against the natural world, the eroding topsoil in the United States, global economics, and environmental destruction. Should look for the answer that produces the most solutions with the least problems Imagine a world where mass transportation in the form of light rail and fast trains, fewer highways and autos.
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