Anxiety Disorders notes

Anxiety Disorders notes - AnxietyDisorders LECTURE3,4,5,6

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Anxiety Disorders LECTURE 3, 4, 5, 6 Anxiety disorders   broadly speaking, this class of disorders can be revolved around worrying too much GAD   (Generalized   Anxiety   Disorder)     individuals   experience   excessive   anxiety   under   most  conditions/circumstances, people worry about practically anything and everything  - All of us experience anxiety at some point   before an exam, going up a roller coaster, etc o This is very normal and helpful in certain situations   this is NOT GAD - About 3% of the US population has GAD in any given year - Cognitive explanations for GAD (Cognitive = thoughts; this class of theories revolves around the  way people think about the information) o Albert   Ellis     GAD   is   caused   by   mal-adaptive   thought   patterns     basically   have   a  dysfunctional way of thinking about fearful or anxiety-producing information People   are   guided   by   irrational   assumptions   that   lead   them   to   act   and   react   in  inappropriate ways Ellis argued that those with GAD hold beliefs such as “Everyone must approve of and love me” “It its catastrophic if things don’t turn out the way I would like” “If something is dangerous or fearsome, one should pay very close attention to it and  be ever vigilant in looking for it” “One must be competent, adequate, and achieving in all possible respects” XX parents with GAD would never think “my child probably won’t be taken”   they are  super vigilant, don’t let the child out of their sight, etc o Holding these thoughts, everyone would be anxious all the time o Meta-cognitive Theory   most problematic part is individual’s belief about worrying itself This theory is very focused on their view, what they think, about worrying itself People w/ this disorder have both negative and positive belief about worrying itself Pos   believe that worrying is a useful way of appraising and coping with threats  (XX if you keep thinking about kidnappers, you’re protecting your children from  kidnappers b/c you’re doing your duty by thinking about it) Neg   believe that worrying is uncontrollable, and that it is harmful to them They simultaneously have both beliefs about worrying I can’t do anything about it, but it’s harming me, so I better worry about the fact that it’s  harming me, etc o Avoidance Theory   agrees with everything above, and they argue that worrying provides  relief to the individual Researchers have argued that individuals w/ GAD have greater bodily arousal (simply 
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Anxiety Disorders notes - AnxietyDisorders LECTURE3,4,5,6

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