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Assignment 3 - professional and amateur – and were played...

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Gabi Drusinsky Music 129D Assignment #3 Although the tambura/tamburica is thought of as a Croatian instrument, it was actually the Turks who brought its ancestor over to Bosnia and Serbia during the 13-1400’s, which was when the Ottoman Turks invaded the region. The tambura (in the form we know today) was mainly used by the South-Eastern European Muslims, who were much oppressed in this region at this time. The term tambura, or tamburica, refers to any long-necked lute. The tambura began its career as a solo instrument, but towards the end of the 18 th century there were full ensembles dedicated to it. Tamburicas can be thought of as both concert and folk instruments. There have been times in its history where it was played in small ensembles, performing to the local communities and often having unplanned, open shows. The musicians didn’t have written records of the music they were playing, as most were illiterate, which is often a sign of folk, traditional music which all the local people know by ear. On the other hand, tamburicas were also used in orchestras – both
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Unformatted text preview: professional and amateur – and were played by literate musicians reading the sheets on which the music was typed on. These orchestras performed in front of much larger audiences than the folk ensembles had, and performed music written for them. The orchestras were composed of musicians from different national and ethnic backgrounds, so although the tamburicas often played folk tunes, the musicians behind them weren’t always representing the area the tune represented. However, the tambura/tamburica is currently the Croatian national instrument, which leads me to vote for a folk instrument rather than a concert instrument. The tamburica made its way from local folk ensembles to a national instrument. The ensembles played patriotic songs and presented nationalistic ideals through music. By doing this, slowly but surely it became more well known throughout the country as a national symbol. Today, the tambura/tamburica is thought very much as a Croatian instrument....
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